United States Geography in the Early Republic - MAINE


Until 1820, was only a part of Massachusetts, though the two states are separated by New Hampshire. It is shaped like a mitton, with the fingers pointing north, and the thumb pointing east, into the Atlantic Ocean. Its northern half is surrounded by Canada, all the way down to the tip of the "thumb" (essentially Washington County), where the Atlantic coastline begins. Its western border is New Hampshire.

It is largely mountainous, with one peak rising 5268 feet (quite high for the east). Much of its surface is covered by lakes, rivers, and streams.

The Penobscot River runs almost straight south til it passes Bangor, and runs out into Penobscot Bay

Towns and Cities in Maine:

Counties in Maine:

Rivers and Other Bodies of Water in Maine:

Androscogin River

Begins in New Hampshire (at Lake Umbagog?); running down its eastern border a for 40 miles or so; turns sharply to the east, crosses into Maine at Giliad, and cuts from west to east across Oxford County.  It then turns southwards to run down the middle of small county named after it. It exits Androscogin County, and for 5 miles or so forms the boundary between Sagadahoc and Cumberland Counties, then enters an estuary of the Kennebec River near Bath. Lewiston, the county seat, is on it, and

Kennebec River

Machias River

Does little more than traverse Washington County, running 50 miles or so.  Machias, the county seat is a few miles up from its mouth.

Moosehead Lake

Looks like the largest in the state - near the border of Somerset and Piscataquis Counties.

Penobscot River

The easternmost major river in Maine.  The long, irregular shape of Penobscot County roughly corresponds with its drainage basin.

Saco River

Sebago Lake

5-10 miles across, in the center of Cumberland County. Raymond and Sebago are on its shores.