Jacksonian Miscellanies, #29:

September 16, 1997

Topic: Annals of North America, 1815 - 1817

Copyright by the editor, Hal Morris, Secaucus, NJ 1997. Permission is granted to copy, but not for sale, nor in multiple copies, except by permission.

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I owe my readers an apology, first for being two weeks behind, and second for postponing the follow-through for the 9/9 issue; i.e. the debate in the Senate (as reported in Niles Register) over the withdrawal of funds from the Bank of the United States. I feel that debate deserves a good bit of commentary, at least in the nature of who the speakers were -- their positions on issues and the states they represented -- Niles Register does no more than give their last names. Having just returned from 10 days vacation, I'm opting for something less strenuous for this and the next issue, so the debate will be carried in the 9/30 issue -- to be assembled this weekend, I hope.

The excerpts below come from Annals of North America, being A Concise Account of the Important Events in the United States, the British Provinces, and Mexico, From their Discovery down to the Present Time, [1492-1876] showing The Steps in their Political, Religious, Social, Legislative, and Industrial Progress by Edward Howland ... (Hartford: J.B. Burr, 1877). A large portion of this will soon be added to my web page, as a useful timeline, or the beginnings of one.

I like this old book, in part, for telling about the beginnings of newspapers, and when "the first flour" was exported from Rochester, NY.

Please let me know if such an item seems appropriate, or not, if once is enough, or if you'd like to see more of it posted.

1814.-THE Recorder appeared in Chillicothe, Ohio.

1814-15.-THE Illinois Intelligencer appeared at Kaskaskia Illinois.

1814.-THE first flour was exported from Rochester, New York, and the third mill was built there.

1815, JANUARY 1.-The British were repulsed in a second attack upon General Jackson's line of defence at New Orleans.

1815, JANUARY 8.-The British made a third attack upon General Jackson's position, and were repulsed.

1815, FEBRUARY 11.-The Bri tish sloop­of­war Favorite arrived at New York, with an English and an American messenger bearing a treaty of peace, which the English government had already ratified.

1810, FEBRUARY 12.-Fort Bowyer was again attacked by the whole British force, and Captain Lawrence was forced to surrender.

1815, FEBRUARY 17.-The treaty was ratified and promulgated.

1815 FEBRUARY 17. -- Congress proposed a loan of eighteen million and four hundred thousand dollars, and an issue of treasury notes to the amount of twenty-five million dollars.

1815, FEBRUARY 20. -- The Constitution, off Lisbon, captured two British sloops-of-war, the Cyane and the Levant.

1815, FEBRUARY 21.-The British, after issuing a proclamation of martial law, withdrew from the coast of Georgia.

1815, FEBRUARY 21.-Congress authorized the funding of the non-interest-paying treasury notes in circulation.

1815, MARCH 3.-Congress authorized a loan of twelve millions of dollars.

1815.-THE colony of Harmonists moved from Pennsylvania and settled in Posey County, Indiana.

1815.-ABOUT this time the use of the small plough, for the cultivation of corn, was introduced among the French settlers in Illinois.

1815, MARCH 23.-The Hornet, off the Cape of Good Hope, captured the Penguin, and destroyed her.

1815, MARCH 31.-General Jackson was sentenced by the court to a fine of one thousand dollars for contempt of court.

1815,MARCH-The non-intercourse and non-importation acts were repealed, as well as all acts creating discriminating duties on foreign vessels.

1 815, JUNE 30.-The Peacock, in the Straits of Funda, captured an armed British vessel.

1815, JUNE.-Decatur, with a fleet, appeared off Algiers, and the Dey signed a treaty on his quarter-deck.

1815,JULY.-The commissioners at Ghent made a commercial convention with Great Britain, to last four years, and stipulation, for absolute reciprocity by abolishing, in direct trade, all discriminations.

1815, SEPTEMBER 1.-A council was held at Detroit, and the hatchet buried by the tribes represented.

1815.-A BRIDEWELL, or house of correction, was started at Halifax.

1815.-JOSE MARIA MORELOS was executed.

1815.-THE North American Review was started in Boston Massachusetts, under the editorship of William Tudor.

1815 - THE water-works at Fairmount, for supplying Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, with water, were completed.

1815, SEPTEMBER 30. - The total debt of the United States amounted to one hundred and nineteen million six hundred thousand dollars.

1816,JANUARY 3.-The Recorder appeared in Boston, Massachusetts.

1816, FEBRUARY. - Congress passed a tariff bill.

1816, MARCH 1.-Congress passed an act limiting importation by foreign vessels to the produce of their respective countries.

1816, MARCH 1.-Congress repealed all such parts of existing laws imposing duties as were inconsistent with the provisions of a treaty prepared by a convention held in London, England, on the third of the previous July.

1816.-THE first steam paper-mill was erected at Pittsburgh.

1816.-THE first steamboat built at Cincinnati was launched.

18l6, MARCH 3. - Congress passed an act forbidding the fitting out within the jurisdiction of the United States of any vessel to cruise against any power with which the United States were at peace.

1816 APRIL 19. - Congress chartered a national bank.

1816, APRIL 25. --Congress appropriated one million dollars annually to the increase of the navy.

1816, APRIL 30 -Congress voted that Specie payments ought to be resumed February 20, 1817 and that the government should then accept only specie, or its equivalent "treasury notes, notes of the Bank of the United States, or in notes of banks payable and paid on demand in specie."

1816, APRIL,- An act was passed by the legislature of New Hampshire changing the name of Dartmouth College to Dartmouth University, and changing the board of trustees.

1816, APRIL.-Congress enacted that the pay of members should be fifteen hundred dollars a year.

1816, MAY.-The steamboat Enterprise ascended the Mississippi from New Orleans to Louisville.

1816, SEPTEMBER-Indiana formed a constitution, and under it Jonathan Jennings was chosen the first governor.

1816, SEPTEMBER 24.-The Cherokees, by a treaty, limited themselves on the south side of the Tennessee to the parallel of Huntsville.

1816, SEPTEMBER 28.-An expedition from New Orleans, with a force from Camp Crawford, under Colonel Clinch, destroyed the fort on the Appalachicola.

1816, NOVEMBER.-The United States Bank was organized in Philadelphia, with branches at Boston, New York, and Baltimore.

1816, NOVEMBER 25.- A bank of savings was formed in New York.

1816, DECEMBER 2.-The Saving Fund Society was organized in Philadelphia, and opened the business of a savings bank.

1816, DECEMBER 13.-The Provident Institution for Savings was incorporated at Boston, Massachusetts.

1816.-THE Columbian Institute for the promotion of Arts and Sciences was instituted at Washington, D.C.

1816, DECEMBER.-The American Colonization Society, for colonizing the colored people on the Africun coast, was established at Washington.

1816.-POTTERY WORKS were started at Jersey City, and some porcelain ware was made.

1816, DECEMBER.-Congress appropriated ten millions to the sinking fund.

1809-17.-FOURTH administration.

1817, JANUARY.-The government resumed specie payments.

1814.-THE President was authorized to procure for the capitol four large pictures of Revolutionary scenes by John Trumbull.

1817, FEBRUARY 10.-The Delaware Society for Promoting American Manufactures was established at Willmington.

1817, MARCH 1. - Congress passed an act giving to the people of the western portion territory of Mississippi the right to organize a state government.

1817.-THE Massachusetts Peace Society memorialized Congress, suggesting the formation of a congress of nations for the purpose of settling, national disputes by arbitration

1817, MARCH 3.-Congress appointed John Quincy Adams commissioner to examine and report on the subject of Weights and measures in the United States, and also as to the desirableness of adopting the French system, or some similar one.

1817, APRIL -- the legislature of New York passed an act for the abolition of slavery in the state.

1817. - MONTGOMERY, on the Alabama River, was laid out.

1817. - EVANSVILLE, Indiana, was laid out by General Robert Evans, James W. Jones, and Hugh McGeary, and named in honor of the first.

1817, APRIL 15.--The New York Legislature created a fund for the construction of the Erie, Champlain, and Hudson Canal.

1817, APRIL 15.-The first American asylum for the deaf and dumb was opened at Hartford, Connecticut, with Thomas H. Gallaudet as principal.

1817.-THIS year a revival in the cause of education began, and the grade of instruction in the public schools has since steadily been raised.

1817.-THE Hartford Times appeared in Hartford, Connecticut.

1817, MAY 13.-The Pennsylvania Society for the Promotion of Public Economy was formed at Philadelphia.

1817.-THE American Society for the Encouragement of American Manufactures was formed in New York.

1817.-THE Maryland Economical Association was organized at Baltimore, Maryland.

1817.-THE legislature of New York appropriated twenty thousand dollars, to be divided among the county agricultural societies, for the promotion of agriculture and family domestic manufactures.

1817, JULY.-The Gazette appeared in Mobile, Alabama.

1817.-- A COMPANY of Germans, known as Separatists, landed and settled at Zoar, in Tuscarora county, Ohio.

1817, AUGUST.-An agent was sent in the frigate Congress to establish commercial relations with the northern part of St. Domingo.

1817.-THE commissioners were sent to South America to ascertain and report the real condition of affairs there.

1817, NOVEMBER 30.-The Indians attacked a boat on the Appalachicola carrying supplies to Fort Scott on the Flint River, and killed all who were on it except six men and one woman.

1817, DECEMBER 23.-The internal taxes were repealed.

1817.-THE legislature of Kentucky chartered thirty-nine new banks

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