BOOK NOTES:  Some books which might be of general interest to students of the "Early Republic" period -- If you find any worth purchasing after following one of these links, a portion will go to support of this web site:
The Greater Journey: Americans in Paris by David McCullough a "story of the adventurous American artists, writers, doctors, politicians, architects, and others of high aspiration who set off for Paris in the years between 1830 and 1900, ambitious to excel in their work."
The Price of Civilization: Reawakening American Virtue and Prosperity by Jeffrey Sachs.  From book description: "For more than three decades, Jeffrey D. Sachs has been at the forefront of international economic problem solving.  But Sachs turns his attention back home in The Price of Civilization, a book that is essential reading for every American. In a forceful, impassioned, and personal voice, he offers not only a searing and incisive diagnosis of our country’s economic ills but also an urgent call for Americans to restore the virtues of fairness, honesty, and foresight as the foundations of national prosperity.


The patroons were established by the Dutch in and around New York State, wheich they settled beginning around 1630. A patroon was granted absolute dominion over a large tract of land; the position was much like that of medieval feudal lords. Their status changed, of course, over the years; I am not quite clear what remained of their lord-like status in the early 19th century, but they constituted, for America at the time, an abnormally wealthy group of families, and their tenants were still considered in some degree to be treated like serfs.

In 1839, around the time of the death of the "good patroon", Stephen Van Rensselaer, an anti-rent movement began, which grew into a covert war, against the collection of rents by the patroons. This war plagued Governor Wm. H. Seward in 1841 and 42; and Seward tried to placate both sides. In 1845, Governer Wright called for the suppression of the rebellion.

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