Brief Biographies from the Jackson/Van Buren Era (S):
adds to the following "being a popular man, was sent to Congress for four
years ... residence being at Englewood NJ (in
the period he worked in NYC). He is married and has children.
Representative from Maine; born in Norridgewock, Maine,
born September 25, 1805; received his early education under private tutors
and was graduated from Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine, in 1825; studied
law; was admitted to the bar in 1828 and practiced in Norridgewock
until 1841; register of probate 1830-1838; member of the State senate 1842-1844;
as a Democrat to the Twenty-ninth Congress (March 4, 1845-March 3, 1847);
chairman, Committee on Revisal and Unfinished Business (Twenty-ninth Congress);
elected to the Thirty-first Congress (March 4, 1849-March 3, 1851); chairman,
Committee on Revolutionary Claims (Thirty-first Congress); attorney
and credit manager for several mercantile firms in New York City
1852-1882; died in Englewood, Bergen County, N.J.,
November 10, 1887; interment in Brookside Cemetery.
Source of Above: Biographical
Directory of the Am. Congress.
Bowdoin library has (call #E415.9.S38 A3)
Reminiscences of my early life, by Cullen Sawtelle
[Marblehead, Mass., Priv. pub. by C. M. Sawtelle, 1972]
Say, Thomas 1787 - 1834 :
Entomologist and conchologist. Traveled extensively through North America
and published several important works. Came to Robert
Owen's New Harmony community,
where he died in 1834.
Schuyler, Philip John
1733 - 1804:
Officer in the French and Indian War, and Maj. General under Washington
in the Revolution; operated generally successfully in the country around
Ticonderoga, but allowed Ticonderoga to be lost, and lost his command.
He demanded a court-marshall, was reinstated, and then resigned.
Senator from NY, 1789-91. Wealthy landowner.
His daughter Elizabeth married Alexander
Hamilton, and he was very helpful in Hamilton's career; daugter Margaret
married Stephen Van Rensselaer.
Scott, Sir Walter (1771 -
Produced an avalanche of romantic historical novels. Probably Jacksonian
America's favorite novelist. Beloved by southern planters (horses named
Rob Roy) were not uncommon, and New England transcendentalists (Bronson
Alcott kept a bust of Scott - the only modern so honored - in his experimental
grade school that was run on transcendentalist principles).
Sebastian, Benjamin 1745
Year of birth uncertain; d. in March
A clergyman in VA; then land speculator and lawyer in KY. Got in the
pay of the Spanish and was driven out of office (as a judge) because of
this in 1806 (Joseph Street
and the Western
World being his main accusers. Retired from public life; continued
to deal in land, and general merchandise; built a sawmill and gristmill.
SEVIER, Ambrose Hundley,
Delegate from Arkansas Territory from 1828-36; state Senator from 1836-48;
served on many committies, and as President Pro Tempore of the Senate;
negotiated peace treaty with Mexico in 1848; died soon after his return.
SEVIER, Ambrose Hundley, (cousin of Henry Wharton Conway), a Delegate
and a Senator from Arkansas; born in Greene County, Tenn., November 4,
1801; completed preparatory studies; moved to Missouri in 1820 and to Little
Rock, Ark., in 1821; clerk of the Territorial house of representatives;
studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1823 and practiced; member, Territorial
house of representatives 1823-1827, serving as speaker in 1827; elected
as a Delegate to the Twentieth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the
death of Henry W. Conway; reelected to the Twenty-first and to the three
succeeding Congresses and served from February 13, 1828, to June 15, 1836,
when the Territory was admitted as a State into the Union; elected as a
Democrat to the United States Senate in 1836; reelected in 1837 and 1843
and served from September 18, 1836, until his resignation on March 15,
1848; served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Twenty-ninth
Congress; chairman, Committee on Indian Affairs (Twenty-sixth and Twenty-ninth
Congresses), Committee on Foreign Relations (Twenty-ninth and Thirtieth
Congresses); was appointed Minister to Mexico to negotiate the treaty of
peace between that Republic and the United States 1848; died on his plantation
near Little Rock, Pulaski County, Ark., December 31, 1848; interment in
Mount Holly Cemetery, where the State erected a monument to his memory.
DAB; Walton, Brian. ‘Ambrose Hundley Sevier in the United States Senate,
1836-1848.’ Arkansas Historical Quarterly 32 (Spring 1973): 25-60.
Dir. of Am. Congress.
Seward, William Henry (1801-1872):
Anti-slavery leader in New York politics. A major leader in establishing
the Republican Party. Secretary of State to Lincoln
and his successor.
Governor of New York (1839-43), U.S. Senator (1849-61).
In 1860, until the nominating convention, he was considered a far more
plausible candidate than Abraham
Lincoln. His problem may have been that he was too moderate for many
Republicans, yet frightened off the moderates with his famous "Irrepressible
Conflict" speech in Rochester
in 1858, declaring the conflict between freedom and slavery to be "irrepressible".
A cousin of Samuel
J. May, and a fellow Unitarian Minister and abolitionist.
Howard Huntley 1791 - 1865:
An immensely popular poet, sometimes calle the "American Hemans".
Daughter of a gardener of Scottish descent; born in Norwich,
CT; taught school there from 1811-13; then went to Hartford
to conduct a small girls' school.
There she married Charles Sigourney, a hardware merchant and leading
citizen of Hartford, supposed to be a "good catch" for a schoolmistress.
Somewhat disappointed in her husbands affluence, she began writing sentimental
poetry, mostly about tragic deaths, until it became "almost impossible
to find [an issue of a popular magazine] of the thirties or forties [without
a] poem or article by her." She wrote anonymously until 1833.
Around 1830, her home was a social center, known for elegant parties,
as attested by Gideon Welles and
- p21ff.; Pollard,
Silliman, Benjamin 1779 -
Prof. of chemistry and natural history at Yale from 1802 - 1853. Edited
American Journal of Science and Arts 1818 - ?.(better known as
A Life in the Young Republic
Skinner, John Stuart 1788
Marylander and editor/writer of several periodicals on sports (southern
style), and agriculture, including the American
Confederate ambassador to England.
(Mar. 6, 1797 - Dec. 28, 1874):
Very strong abolitionist, associated with William
Lloyd Garrison, although later they disagreed; Smith being more prone
to seek a political solution than Garrison. Smith was also active in many
other reforms and pseudo-reforms, such as strict Sunday observance, temperance
and anti-tobacco, dress reform(?), woman's suffrage, and prison reform.
He acquired huge amounts of land from his father (who was partner with
an Astor; married to a Livingston) in 1819. He gave away thousands of 40-60
acre tracts of land to "landless (and liquerless) 'colored people'", and
in this and other ways, supported Frederick
John Brown also briefly lived on
some of Smith's land, and was helped by Smith in various ways.
Born in Utica NY, moved to Peterboro,
County, in 1806. Graduated Hamilton College, Clinton
(see also The Antislavery
Alliance of Gerrit Smith and Beriah Green, by Prof. Milton Sernett)
Smith, Joseph (Dec. 23, 1805 - June 27, 1844):
Founder of the Mormon Church.
Born in Sharon, VT of Scotch descent. Moved to Palmyra, NY. By his account,
began having visions in 1820. On Sept 22, 1827, he says he received from
an angel a book written on golden plates.
He was given the ability to translate the plates, and published them
in Palmyra, NY in 1830 as the Book of Mormon. The plates were taken
back, so he relied on affadavits to assert their actuality.
Founded the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in Fayett,
NY, on April 6, 1830.
He gained many followers, but they were driven out of one community
after another, to Kirtland, OH
(1831), then Missouri (where in Missouri?)(1838), then to Commerce, IL,
He died at the hands of a mob in Carthage,
His work was carried out by Brigham
Young. The wanderings of the Mormons eventually brought them to the
territory of Utah (in 1848?).
Smith, Margaret Bayard
Forty Years of Washington Society, an important source of information
on early Washington social life. A grouping of letters, edited by Gaillard
Hunt in 1906, describing life in Washington from the point of view of a
Federalist socialite married to a moderate Jeffersonian newspaperman. Descriptions
of social events, personalities. One of the favorite sources of historians
of that period.
Wife of Samuel H. Smith.
Forty Years of Washington Society, DAB
Smith, Samuel Harrison
Husband of Margaret Bayard
Smith, an important writer on early Washington social life.
Grad U. PA 1787. Published newspapers, beginning 1797 in Philadelphia,
but particularly the National Intelligencer, in Washington, at Jefferson's
invitation from 1800-1810, when he sold it to "the younger Seaton". In
1828, he was made a director of the Washington branch of the "United States
Bank" (DAB XVII/344) (does it mean the same as the 2nd Bank of the United
He first came to Thos. Jefferson's attention by tying for 1st prize
from the American Phil.. Soc. for best essay on a system of education and
a plan for free public schools (DAB).
Smith, Seba 1792 - 1868 :
Founded and edited the first daily newspaper in Maine, and became famous
under the pseudonym "Major
Jack Downing", for his sketches, in a broad Maine dialect, in which
he pretended to be a close chum of Andrew
Jackson, and satirized the goings-on in Washington. Jackson, in complementing
Van Buren's wit, pretended to believe that Van Buren wrote the articles.
Southwick, Solomon 1773 -
Journalist, religious enthusiast, Anti-Mason.
Editor of the Albany Register
from 1788(?) - 1800 and editor and proprietor from 1808-1814. The
Argus was founded in 1813 to eliminate his political influence
after he ran afoul of Ambrose Spencer.
Editor of the National
Observer (not sure the precise timespan), which he used to promote
a run as Anti-masonic candidate for governor in 1828.
Other positions: clerk of the New York assembly 1803-07; clerk of NY
Senate 1808. Edited National Democrat 1823-26. Also edited the Christian
Visitant from 1815-16, the Plough
Boy (agricultural) 1819-23. In his later years he was a proselytizing
Christian and moralist.
Sparks, Jared, 1789 - 1866:
His main significance is as a prolific historian, who did a remarkable
job of finding and publishing collections of correspondence (by George
Washington, Gouverneur Morris, Benjamin Franklin, ... and on themes like
Diplomatic Correspondence of the American Revolution). Unfortunately,
he treated his sources cavalierly in more than one way -- by excessive
editing, censoring, and "correcting", as well as by giving away many of
the originals to various friends.
He was also the first Unitarian minister in Baltimore,
his ordination being the occasion of Wm
Ellery Channing's famous sermon, "Unitarian Christianity", but he resigned
the ministry in 1823, purchased, on credit of $10,000, the North
American Review, edited it for six years and sold it for nearly
His historical career began in 1827 when he took on the papers of George
Born in Willington, CT to
a mother of some literary proclivities, and a young farmer. Actually, his
paternity is doubtful, or at any rate, he was born May 10, 1789, and his
mother married Joseph Sparks only in December of the same year.
For about 10 years, starting about 1795, he was under the care of his
"shiftless" (acc. to DAB)
uncle, who took him to Washington
County, NY in 1800. In 1805 he returned to Willington, acquired a reputation
as a genius (particularly interested in astronomy), and in 1809, a scholarship
in Phillips Exeter Academy.
He then worked his way through Harvard,
graduating in 1815 (In 1814, while tutoring in the south he witnessed the
plundering of Havre de Grace,
MD by the British).
Spencer, Ambrose (?)
Admitted to the bar in Hudson, NY, in 1788.
"Inspired admiration, respect and often fear ... shifted from Federalist
to Republican and elected to council of appointment in 1800".
Served on New York supreme court 1804-1823.
Head of the Republican Party after the War of 1812.
Van Buren and other young Republicans [set out to strip] Spencer of
his control of the party. They got Ruggles Hubbard elected to the council
of appointment and Nathan Sanford elected to the U.S. Senate. Ruggles was
seated with the help of a typically "Magician"-like move; MVB temporarioly
kept the Federalist Henry Fellows from being seated (in what position?)
because of some improperly marked ballots that favored Fellows (marked
"Hen. Fellows"). In the short period before this move was overturned, the
Bucktails elected the speaker and council of appointment. Spencer tried
to punish Van Buren by backing another candidate for Attorney General,
but Van Buren was elected anyway.
(capsule bio on p46 of Cole's MVB...)
Spinoza, Baruch 1632 - 1677:
Pantheistic (?) philosopher of Dutch Jewish origins. Made his living as
a lens grinder. Tried to unify all religion by distilling from religions
their most common and important elements.
Spring, Gardiner 1784 - 1873:
(b 2/24/84, d 8/18/73) Born in Newburyport,
MA. Grandson of Samuel Hopkins. A moderate Presbyterian minister who
served at Brick Church in
New York from 1810 on.
Stearns, Jonathan French
? - 1889
Classmate (Harvard 1830) and
friend of Charles Sumner; became a minister.
Letters .. Sumner, p7 - footnote 1.)
Steinway, Henry Englehard
1797 - 1871:
Began making pianos in Germany about 1820; emmigrated to U.S. in 1851 and
founded the family's famous piano company in New York 1853.
Hamilton 1812 - 1883:
Georgian lawyer, Whig politician and member of congress from 1843-59, and
most notably vice president of the Confederacy. Slight, weighing under
a hundred pounds, he always looked as if he were soon to die. He was a
Whig member of the House of Representatives when Abraham Lincoln spent
his two years there, and they agreed on the wrongs of the Mexican-American
War. Lincoln once said Stephens had just made the best speech he had ever
heard. Stephens thought that secession was madness, yet he accepted the
post of Vice-president. He went with a group to try to negotiate peace
in February 1865. After the war, he was imprisoned until October 1865.
His state tried to elect him to the Senate in 1866, but the senate would
not seat him. From 1873-82 he succeeded in getting into the House of Representatives
again. Was made governor of Georgia in 1883, the year he died. Born near
Stephens, John Lloyd 1805
After a few years 1826-34) practicing law in New York, he began his wandersings
around the world, writing travel books on Egypt, Turkey, Russia, parts
of South America, and other places. Born in Shrewsbury, NJ.
Stevens, Edwin Augustus
1795 - 1868:
Son of John Stevens. Also an early railroader; became treasurer and manager
of the Camden and Amboy Railroad and Transportion Company in 1830. Endowed
Stevens Institute of Technology in Hoboken. He and his lovely estate on
the Hudson River in Hoboken are described in the Phillip Hone's diary.
Stevens, John 1749 - 1838:
Patented several important inventions in steamboat engine design, beginning
in the 1780s. Build the Pheonix, in 1808, and launched it on its
historic cruise from New York to Philadelphia, making it the first ocean-going
steamship (it continued to serve as a ferry between Philadelphia and Trenton,
NJ). Had two sons, Robert Livingston and Edwin Augustus; both important
in early railroading, and the latter of whom endowed Stevens Institute
of Technology in Hoboken, NJ. Born in New York City.
Stevens, Robert Livingston
1787 - 1856:
Son of John Stevens the early steamboat developer and a naval architect
himself. Involved in early railroading, making several important inventions
in the design of railroad tracks, and instituting the first locomotive
railroad service in NJ.
Stevens, Thaddeus 1792 - 1868:
Pennsylvania abolitionist (from Gettysburg, interestingly); a lawyer; member
of Congress from 1849 - 53 and 1859 - 68. Instituted and managed the impeachment
procedings against Andrew Johnson, Lincoln's Vice-president and successor.
Stephenson, George 1791 -
Englishman responsible, both as inventor and businessman, for much of the
early development of the railroad. His first steam engine was tried, in
1814, at the Killingworth coal mine. He engineered an 8 mile railway for
the Hetton coal mine, which began use in 1822. In 1823, he set up his locomotive
works in Newcastle, with the help of relatives. Engineered the Stockton
and Darlington, and the Liverpool and Darlington railways, opened in 1825
and 1830 respectively. Designed and built the innovative "Rocket", which
was the engine used on the latter railway.
In congress 1821-34; Speaker of the House from 1827-34 (Martin
Van Buren, a leader in the Senate at the time, helped to place Stevenson
there to thwart a rival New Yorker who might have become Speaker). Minister
to Britain 1836-41. Born in Culpeper County VA.
Andrew 1784 - 1857:
Stevenson, Jonathan ? - ?:
A Tammany boss, Freemason, and a proprieter of the Chatham Garden Theatre
in New York. On 2/28/1825, for the benefit
of Anne Royall,
which gave her $180. (James,
Royall's U.S.A., pp134-37)
Turney 1803 - 1876:
Irish-born merchant whose small New York dry-goods store, started in 1823,
developed into the huge A.T. Sewart & Co.
Stewart, Charles 1778 - 1869:
Naval hero of the raid on Tripoli (celebrated in the Marine's anthem),
and the war of 1812. Made a senior flag officer in 1859. Born in Philadelphia
Stewart, Philo Penfield
1798 - 1868:
A missionary who helped form Oberlin
College in Oberlin, Ohio near
Helped fund the college with the procedes from a new type of stove he invented.
Born in Sherman, CT.
Stiles, Ezra 1727 - 1795:
President of Yale, 1778 - ? A
scientific-minded scholar who corresponded with Benjamin
Franklin and participated in some of his experiments. Pastor of 2nd
Church of Newport, RI, 1755-76;
the parsonage he inhabited still stands (p65, Newport
Tour Guide). Played an important part in the founding of Brown
Stoddard, Solomon 1643 -
Grandfather of Jonathan Edwards.
Held a doctrine of "allowing professing Christians to take the communion
and enjoy other privileges of full membership, even when they were not
certain that they were in a state of grace".
William (Pres. Phila. Repeal Association) ? - ?:
Source: Ignatiev, p18, How
the Irish ....
Stone, Horatio 1808 - 1875:
Sculptor who settled in Washington DC in 1848. Did bust of Roger B. Taney;
statues of Jefferson and John Hancock. Born in Jackson, NY.
Stone, John Augustus 1800
Actor and playwright, author of Metamora, or The Last of the Wampanoags
-- written to win a $500 prize offered by Edwin
Forrest -- in which Forrest performed hundreds of times. The prize
was for the "best Tragedy, in five acts, of which the hero, or principal
character shall be an aboriginal of this country"; a committee headed by
Cullen Bryant selected Stone's play. It was first performed 12/15/1829
(the author's 29th birthday).
As an actor, he "seems to have specialized in old men's parts". His
wife, who had been Mrs. Alelia (Green) Legge, was an actress, best known
as "Mrs. Stone", who later married Nathaniel Harrington Bannister. Like
other playwrights of the time, he was very poorly remunerated. He died
by jumping into the Schuylkill River in Philadelphia. Described by Charles
Durang as "a small man, slight in figure, but genteel".
Early American Plays, p47ff)
Stone, Lucy 1818 - 1893:
Womans rights and anti-slavery activist. Married Henry Brown Blackwell
but did not take his name. Helped form the American Woman Suffrage Association
in 1869; funded the founding of Woman's Journal, and edited it with
her husband from 1872 - 93. Born near W. Brookfield, MA.
Stone, William Leete 1792
One of the owners of the New York Commercial
Advertiser, from 1821-44. In his later years, he helped record
the history of the Iroquois Indians. He also wrote an expose of the Matthias
affair, and was a harsh critic of Frances
Wright, and of his fellow parishioner (at Brick Presbyterian church),
STORRS, Henry Randolph,
STORRS, Henry Randolph, (brother of William Lucius Storrs), a Representative
from New York; born in Middletown, Conn., September 3, 1787; was graduated
from Yale College in 1804; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1807
and commenced practice in Champion, Jefferson County, N.Y.; later practiced
in Whitesboro and Utica, N.Y.; elected as a Federalist to the Fifteenth
and Sixteenth Congresses (March 4, 1817-March 3, 1821); unsuccessful candidate
for renomination in 1820; elected to the Eighteenth and to the three succeeding
Congresses (March 4, 1823-March 3, 1831); chairman, Committee on Naval
Affairs (Nineteenth Congress); one of the managers appointed by the House
of Representatives in 1830 to conduct the impeachment proceedings against
James H. Peck, United States judge for the district of Missouri; presiding
judge of the court of common pleas of Oneida County 1825-1829; moved to
New York City and practiced law; died in New Haven, Conn., July 29, 1837;
interment in Grove Street Cemetery.
Dir. of Am. Congress.
Story, Joseph 1779 - 1845:
Massachusetts' most prominent early jurist. Associate justice of the Supreme
Court from 1811 - 45. Also did much to organize the Harvard Law School
and was one of the early professors there, when the court was not in session.
Author of many law books. Born in Marblehead, MA.
Stowe, Harriet Beecher (June 14, 1811
- July 1, 1896):
Author of Uncle Tom's Cabin, or Life Among the Lowly, a phenomenal
best-seller in its time, which not only sold millions, but was performed
as a play all over the world. It did a great deal to convince Americans
and others of the evil of slavery. Published as a serial from 1851-2 in
an anti-slavery newspaper, The
National Era, Washington DC, and as a book (2 vols) in 1852. In
1853, she published A Key To Uncle Tom's Cabin, citing newspaper
accounts of true events that had helped inspire events in the novel, so
as to defend the book against charges of not being true to life.
The daughter of Lyman Beecher,
born and raised in Litchfield CT.
She also wrote Oldtown Folks (1869 and 1883), Poganuc People
(NY 1878), and The Minister's Wooing (NY 1859), all describing the
life she grew up with.
She followed her father, Lyman Beecher, to Cincinnati, OH, in 1833,
and in 1836, married Calvin Ellis Stowe. She remained in Cincinnati until
1850. The Ohio River, which divides the free state of Ohio from the (then)
slave state of Kentucky, was sometimes cited in those days as an illustration
of the evils of slavery. I.e., it was said that going up or down the Ohio,
one saw, on the slave side, squalor and poverty, with here and there an
opulent mansion, while on the free side, one saw fairly uniform evidences
of industry and virtue. At any rate, in Cincinnati, the "Queen City of
the West", situated directly across the Ohio from Kentucky, and in visits
to the other side of the Ohio, Harriet gained a lot of exposure to slavery.
During these years, she published an occasional short story.
Street, Alfred Billings
1811 - 1881:
Published a book of poetry in 1845, of which some are fairly well known:
Grey Forest Eagle, The Lost Hunter and others, many of them
on romantic wilderness themes. From 1848-61 he directed the NY State Library
in Albany. Born in Poughkeepsie, NY.
Street, Joseph Montfort
1782 - 1840:
Born in Lunenburg Co,
VA, son of Anthony Waddy and Mary (Stokes) Street, his mother being
the sister of Montfort Stokes.
In Richmond, met a newspaper editor named John Wood, and they went
into partnership in Frankfort, KY,
editing a Federalist paper called the Western
10/9/1809 - married Eliza Maria (Posey) Thornton, daughter of Thomas
Posey. Lost a costly suit for libel, claimed indigence (he had conveyed
much of his property to an inlaw), and moved to fronteir Illinois (Shawneetown);
became active in politics there, and a Brig. Gen. in the Militia. Starting
1827, he was Indian agent to the Winnebago
at Prairie du Chien and Rock
Island (the Sauk's former beloved spot). His summons of the Fox
and Sauk to a conference in spring 1830
led, unfortunately, to the Fox massacre by the Sioux
and Menominee tribes.
Strickland, William 1787
Leader of the Greek revival architectural movement in U.S. Designed Washington's
sarcophagus at Mount Vernon, the Merchant's exchange in Philadelphia, and
the State Capitol of Tennessee in Nashville. Born in Philadelphia.
Strong, William 1808 - 1895:
Represented Pennsylvania in congress 1847 - 51. Served on Supreme Court
1870-80. Lived at other times in Reading, PA.
Hugh Holmes 1807 - 1891:
In Congress 1841-43; Secy of Interior 1850-53. A Union loyalist in the
Civil War. Son of Archibald Stuart.
Stuart, Archibald 1757 - 1832:
Served in the revolution, and became a leader of conservative Jeffersonians.
Judge of the general court of Virginia from 1800 to 1831. Father of Alexander
Hugh Holmes Stuart Born near Staunton, VA.
Stuart, Charles (1783 - 1865):
Leader in the movement to abolish slavery in the British possessions (where
he was born - in Jamaica). In 1832 he wrote a tract The West India Question:
Immediate Emancipation Safe and Practical. After the success of that
movememt, he became a lecturer, from 1834-1838, for the American Anti-Slavery
Society, in Ohio, New York State and Vermont.
Prior to his anti-slavery career, he was a lieutenant in the service
of the British West India Company from 1801-1814.
By 1830, he had already become spent considerable time in the United
States, and in 1827, in Utica New York, began a very close friendship with
Weld, which helped establish Weld's commitment to anti-slavery. From
some time prior to his meeting with Weld, until 1829, Stuart had been a
principal of a boy's school, who roamed the country on his vacations distributing
Bibles and religious tracts, and preaching temperance. The following is
from Benjamin Thomas Theodore
Weld called him "a perfect being" - but he was so eccentric that some
people thought him crazy. Winter and summer he wore a Scotch plaid frock,
with a cape reaching nearly to his elbows. ...so strongly attracted to
children that he often stopped to romp and play with them. Like Weld, he
had come under Finney's influence
and enlisted in his "Holy Band". ... His advice to Weld was in the style
of love letters, and their relationship was almost rapturous.
Stuart was grateful that God did not treat the white race according
to its deserts. He must have exercised great patience ... to restrain Himself
from "breaking up the earth beneath our feet, and dashing us all into sudden
hell," for what had been done to the Negro.
Stuart, Gilbert Charles
1755 - 1828:
Best known for his many paintings of George Washington. Studied under Benjamin
West in London in 1776; maintained a studio in London 1787 - 93. Then after
a short stay in Ireland, returned to the U.S., where he painted in New
York, Philadelphia, Germantown, PA, Washington DC, and Boston (1805-28).
Stuart, John Todd 1807 - 1885:
Lincoln's first law partner, and a cousin of Mary Todd Lincoln. Member
of congress 1839-43 and 1863-65. As Lincoln's interest in the law began
to supplant some of his interest in politics, Lincoln is said to have gone
from the politician/lawyer Stuart to Stephen T. Logan, a much more learned,
fastidious, and successful lawyer. Born near Lexington, KY.
Stuart, Moses 1780 - 1852:
Professor of sacred literature at Andover Theological Seminary from 1810
- 1848. Strong advocate of the new German scholarship. Born in Wilton,
Sublett, William Lewis
1799 - 1845:
Fur trader and explorer of the far southwest. Born in Lincoln County, KY
Sully, Thomas 1783 - 1872:
English-born painter, brought to the U.S. at the age of 9. He was established
in Philadelphia in 1808, after a short stay in New York. Washington
Crossing the Delaware, in the Boston Museum of Art, is one of his best
Sumner, Charles (1811 - 1874):
U.S. Senator from 1851-74, and a leader of of the most extreme wing of
the anti-slavery movement.
He was badly beaten with a gold-headed cane by Preston S. Brooks over
some remarks against Brooks' uncle when Sumner was railing against the
pro-slavery "bushwackers" in Kansas. He was incapacitated for a couple
of years, and somewhat feeble thereafter.
Many Southerners applauded Brooks' action, and sent him gifts of gold-headed
canes to replace the one he had shatterred over Sumner's head. This shocked
and helped radicalize the North, much as sympathy for John
Brown helped radicalize the South.
Sumner, Edwin Vose 1797 -
Army officer who acted as territorial governor of New Mexico in 1852; commanded
at Fort Leavenworth in the chaos of Kansas in 1856. Rose to major general
in the Civil war. Born in Boston.
Sutter, John Augustus
1803 - 1880:
German-born pioneer who arrived in the U.S. in 1834 and was in Santa Fe
New Mexico the next year and the year after that. Founded what was to become
Sacramento. Became a Mexican citizen. Gold was discovered on his property
in 1848, but his land was overrun by squatters and he never gained anything
by it, but was granted a $250 a month pension by the state of California
Swift, Joseph Gardner
1783 - 1865:
An army officer who rose to Colonel and chief engineer of the army and
brevett brigadier general in the War of 1812. Head of West Point from 1816-18.
From 1829 - 45 he was a civil engineer, in charge of Great Lakes harbour