Experiments in Communal Living in 1830s-40s

Brook Farm



Harmonie or Harmony,

New Harmony

Robert Owen's commune, in which at one time 1000 people lived. The land and excellent facilities were purchased from George Rapp, the religious communist (it had been called Harmonie)

Northampton Association of Education and Industry:

Founded by George Benson and others, who tended to be Garrisonian abolitionist. Home for a few years of Sojourner Truth, and the black former New Yorker, David Ruggles, who later set up a water-cure establishment on the former site of the Association.

source: Christopher Clark, Communitarian Moment.

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