Sources Used In
Tales of the Early Republic
Periodicals: 'N...'

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National Anti-Slavery Standard

Started in 1840 when that paper became the property of the faction that formed the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society. Edited from 1841-49 by Lydia Maria Child.

Source: Stewart, Holy Warriers, p69 94, 100, and Karcher, ...First Woman .. Lydia Child.., p267.

The National Era

National Observer (Solomon Southwick; Antimasonic)

New England Weekly Review

Based in Hartford, CT. The first editor was George D. Prentice (acc. to DAB on Prentice),who made it "one of the best weeklies in New England". When Prentice went west, he got John Greenleaf Whittier put in his place; Whittier started July 19, 1830, and resigned in 1832.

New Hampshire Patriot

Portsmouth, NH. Edited, from about 1810-1830 by Isaac Hill, a Democratic-Republican and a prominent Andrew Jackson supporter.

Took the side of the government of New Hampshire, and the son of Dartmouth's founder, which together set out to wrest control of the college from its board of directors in violation of the original charter given by the state. Daniel Webster got this overturned by the Supreme Court, creating an important constitutional precedent that states would have to stand by the contracts they made. (10/3/1814, 12/30/1817, cited in Bartlett, Webster).

New Harmony Gazette

Propaganda organ of the New Harmony community, in the late 1820s, edited by Robert Dale Owen with (from 1828-1829?) Frances Wright. Her "Explanatory Notes on Nashoba", which ran from 1/30 - 2/13, 1828 (before she helped edit the paper) was said to be the "most powerful statement Fanny ever made, and the most revealing." (source: p154 Eckhardt, Fanny Wright, and related footnote #35).

New York Commercial Advertiser

One of the proprietors, from 1821, was William Leete Stone.

New York Courier and Enquirer

James Watson Webb's New York Whig newspaper. Helped foment the Utica riots of 1835 against the antislavery convention being held in Utica.

In 1825, the Courier was briefly and unsuccessfully owned by James Gordon Bennett.

New York Daily Advertiser

This is looking like two different newspapers by the same name; one, short-lived, and started in 1785; the other, founded and managed by Theodore Dwight (brother of Timothy), from 1817-1836. Mott, American Journalism (p204), says it was, in 1825, the first American paper to install a steam driven cylinder press; a "Napier" capable of 2,000 papers per hour and costing $4,000-$5,000.

Previously, I wrote:
One of the first daily newspapers in the U.S.; its first issue appeared March 1, 1785. Oriented, like a whole class of New York newspapers, to the merchant's need for constant news updates, it survived until 1836, when it was absorbed by the New York Express.

From 1833, it ran the "Major Jack Downing" letters of Charles Augustus Davis.

New York Enquirer

Founded in 1826 by Mordecai Noah; a strong early supporter of Andrew Jackson.

New York Evening Post

New York Herald

Founded by James Gordon Bennett in 1835; a hugely successful enterprise worth over $500,000 a year upon his death in 1872. He ran the newspaper until his death.

Ignatiev calls it a "defender of slavery" (p12, How the Irish...).

New York Mirror

"Ladies' literary weekly", started in 1823 by Samuel Woodworth and George Pope Morris.

New York Sun

The first of the "Penny Press", founded by Benjamin H. Day in September 1833, an "astounding success". (Source: DAB on Day and Jas. Gordon Bennett)

New York Tribune

Horace Greeley's hugely successful liberal newspaper, founded by Greeley in 1841.

Newburyport Free Press

Was being edited by William Lloyd Garrison in 1826, when it published John Greenleaf Whittier's first printed work, "The Exile's Departure".

Niles Weekly Register

"This paper was the strongest and most consistent advocate of union, internal improvement, and protection to industry in America." (Source: DAB on Hezekiah Niles). It ran about 20 pages of tiny type, in contrast to the usual one-sheet 4-page weekly newspaper of the time, and is a goldmine of historical information, often quoted for its clips of other papers when those papers have not survived. It has also been commended as an unusually fair and scrupulous paper for the time.

North American Review

For several decades, the voice of genteel Boston and of the Harvard circle. Its editors included Edward Everett (1819-1823?), Jared Sparks (1823-30?), and Alexander Everett (1830-35?).

The North Star (Dec 1847 - June 1851):

Anti-slavery newspaper printed by Frederick Douglass in Rochester, NY. In 1851, he changed the name to Frederick Douglass' Paper, partly to symbolize a break with the Garrisonians over his Unionism (I think), and the Garrisonians' wish to denounce the Constitution as a pact with evil, and presumably let the south go its own way.

Copyright 1998 by Hal Morris, Secaucus, NJ

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