Brief Biographies from the Jackson/Van Buren Era (D):
Jacques Mande 1789 - 1851:
Painter and inventor of the daguerreotype, which he worked on in the late
1820s and the 1830s, communicating it to the French Academy of Sciences
Adolphus Bernard 1809 - 1870:
Naval officer. Created the Dahlgren gun, an 11 incher. Rear Admiral during
the Civil war. Author of books on ordinance. Born in Philadelphia.
Dale, Robert William 1829
Congregational minister and advocate of educational reforms, and of secular
education and disestablishment of the church, in England.
Dalton, John Call 1825 - 1889:
Physiologist and Professor of the College of Physicians and Surgeons in
New York from 1844-83. Born in Chelmsford, MA.
Dana, Charles Anderson
1819 - 1897:
Charter member of Brook Farm 1841-6. Newspaper editor on the New York Tribune
from 1847-62. Assistant secretary of war 1863-4. Coedited the New American
Cyclopaedia - 16 volumes, issued from 1858 - 63. Owner and editor of
the New York Sun from 1868-97. Born in Hinsdale, NH.
Dana, James Dwight 1813 -
Geologist - sent on a government expedition to the southern pacific from
1838-42. Wrote extensively on fossils, Geology, Corals, et. Born in Utica,
Dana, Richard Henry 1787
Lawyer and author of The Bucaneer and other Poems (1827). Father
of his namesake who wrote Two Years Before the Mast.
Dana, Richard Henry 1815
Author of Two Years Before the Mast, a classic, describing his two
years as an ordinary seaman. Later practiced law, specializing in admiralty
Dana, Samuel Luther 1795
Chemist who developed new bleaching technologies, and methods of printing
on cotton cloth. Born in Amherst, NH.
Dane, Nathan 1752 - 1835:
While serving in the Continental Congress in 1785-7, he co-wrote the Northwest
Ordinance of 1787, praised by Daniel Webster in his first reply to Hayne.
In 1823 he issued the 8-volume General Abridgement and Digest of American
Law. Born in Ipswich, MA.
Danforth, Moseley Isaac
1800 - 1862:
Engraver of bank notes. Born in Hartford, CT.
Daniel, John Moncure 1825
Editor of the Richmond Examiner from 1847 0 53 and 1861-5, he promoted
secession. Born in Stafford Counta, VA.
Daniel, Peter Vivian 1784
Associate Justice of U.S. Supreme Court from 1841-60. Born in Stafford
Darley, Felix Octavius
Carr 1822 - 1888:
Illustrated Washington Irving's Rip Van Winkle (1851), and Legend
of Sleepy Hollow (1850). Also illustrated editions of Dickens and of
James Fenimore Cooper.
See the F.O.C. Darley web site at www.focdarley.org.
D'Arusmont, William Phiquepal
? - ?:
Married Frances Wright
after she became pregnant by him while taking the Nashoba
ex-slaves to Haiti. The marriage had a very destructive affect on her life.
"Years later, Robert
Dale Owen described [him] as suspicious and headstrong -- 'a man well
informed on many points, full of original ideas, some of practical value,
but, withal, a wrong-headed genius whose extravagance and wilfulness and
inordinate self-conceit destroyed his usefulness' [and for Wright] an unwise,
hasty, fanciful counselor'. ... A Quaker friend said that Fanny, who was
not in the ordinary sense a man's woman, would never have married and become
a mother had she not been "under the influence of a species of hallucination."
Darwin, Charles Robert
1809 - 1882:
Expositor of the theory of evolution with his 1859 On the Origin of
Species by Means of Natural Selection. Wrote The Descent of Man
in 1871. He got many of his ideas from observations made on a long scientific
exploration on the ship the Beagle.
Darwin, Erasmus 1731 - 1802:
Botinist, Zooligist, Physician, and poet. Founded a philosophical Society
in 1784. Grandfather of Charles Darwin. Seems to have been somewhat well
known in the U.S. Wrote The Loves of the Plants and Botanic Garden;
The Temple of Nature_.
Davenport, Edwin Loomis
1815 - 1877:
A well known actor. Born in Boston.
Davidson, Samuel 1807 - 1898:
A controversial Irish biblical scholar.
Davinport, George 1783 - 1845:
English-born fur trader. Came to U.S. in 1804. Helped found Davenport,
Davis, Alexander Jackson
1803 - 1892:
Architect of the U.S. Patent Office, and other famous buildings, including
the Indiana state capitol. Worked with Ithiel Town from 1829-43 and by
himself thereafter. Born in New York City.
Davis, Charles Augustus ? -
Appropriated Seba Smith's
pen name, "Major Jack Downing",
and wrote a series of supposed letters by Downing, published in the New
York Daily Advertiser from 1833 on. A friend of Nicholas Biddle and
a director of the New York Branch of the United States Bank.
For easy access to a couple of Davis' Jack Downing sketches, satirizing
the controversy over the Jackson's dismantling of the 2nd Bank of the United
States, see The Annals of America,
6, selection 10 (p41).
Davis, Charles Henry 1807
Important naval officer, especially in the Mississippi River campaign.
Born in Boston.
Davis, Edwin Hamilton
1811 - 1888:
Studied and wrote on the works of the native American Mound Builders. in
Monuments of the Mississippi Valley in 1847. It was the first book
to come out of the Smithsonian Institute.
Davis, George R.
Democratic member of the New York legislature around 1830 - supposed to
have pleaded for and gotten "a good blowing up" from the good natured Thurlow
Weed in his Whiggish Albany
Evening Journal -- in order to be in good stead with his own party.
Deusen, Weed, p58).
Davis, George Thomas 1810
Grad. Harvard 1829; established
a Whig paper, the Franklin Mercury,
in 1833 in Greenfield, Franklin County, where he practiced law. Served
in Congress 1851-53.
A distant cousin of Margaret Fuller,
and a very attractive youth at that time, on whom she had a crush (just
as James Freeman
Clarke was mooning over Margaret). Described by her as
an analytic voluptuary: "He was a premature as myself; at thirteen
a man in the range of his thoughts, analyzing motives, and explaining principles,
... while mentally accompanying Gil Blas [his 'favorite reading'] through
his course of intrigue and adventure, and visiting with him the impure
atmosphere of courtiers, picaroons, and actresses."
[Clarke's sister said of Davis and Fuller] If I judged from [...]
I should have thought the plan was to pull people to pieces to see what
they were made of, and then divert themselves with the fragments.
Davis, Henry Gassett 1807
Pioneer of orthopedic surgery.
Davis, Jefferson 1808 - 1889:
Member of the H. of R. (1825-34) and several times Senator and Gov. of
Massachusetts; born in Northboro, Mass., January 13, 1787; attended Leicester
Academy, and was graduated from Yale College in 1812; studied law; was
admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Worcester, Mass., in 1815;
elected to the Nineteenth and to the four succeeding Congresses and served
from March 4, 1825, to January 14, 1834, when he resigned, having been
elected Governor; Governor of Massachusetts 1834-1835; elected as a Whig
to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1835, to January 5,
1841, when he resigned; chairman, Committee on Commerce (Twenty-fourth
Congress); Governor of Massachusetts 1841-1843; again elected in 1845 to
the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Isaac
C. Bates; reelected in 1847 and served from March 24, 1845, to March 3,
1853; declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1852, and retired
from public life; died in Worcester, Mass., on April 19, 1854; interment
in the Rural Cemetery.
Above from Biographical Directory
of the U.S. Congress.
Davis, John Chandler
Bancroft 1822 - 1907:
Assistant Secretary of State 1869-71 and 1873-4. Born in Worcester, MA.
Davis, Nathan Smith 1817
Helped to organize the American Medical Association. Practiced as a doctor
in Binghamton, NY from 1838 - 47, then in New York City until 1849. Thereafter,
spent his career as a medical educator: first at Rush Medical College in
Chicago from 1849 - 59. Born in Greene, NY.
Davis, Warren Ransom 1793
Served as "states rights Democrat" in Congress from 3/4/27 until his
death. Aligned in states rights and nullification radicalism with George
Davis, William 1812 - 1868:
Inventor who developed refrigerations cars for trains.
Davis, William Augustine
1809 - 1875:
Devised method of sorting mail while it was in transit by locomotive. Postmaster
at St. Joseph MO. Born in Barren County, KY.
Davy, Sir Humphrey 1778 -
English chemist some of whose works also pertained to electricity. One
of the most important scientists.
Day, Benjamin Henry 1810
Founded the first penny daily paper, the New York Sun, in 1833. Born in
West Springfield, MA.
Day, Jeremiah 1773 - 1867:
Professor of Mathematics and Natural philosophy at Hale from 1803-17, and
president of the college from 1817 - 46. Born in New Preston, CT.
De Bow, James
Dunwoody Brownson 1820 - 1867:
Founded and edited the Commercial Review of the South and Southwest,
or De Bow's Review, published in New Orleans from 1846. Pressed
for diversification of the southern economy into manufacturing, and also
a longtime advocate of secession. A bookish intellectual, he prepared the
1850 U.S. census, and wrote Statistical View of the United States
in 1854, which is often cited in modern works. Generally known as J.D.B.
The son of a merchant from New Jersey, he was born in Charleston, SC,
and orphanned very early, which left him with little resources. He
"used his tiny patrimony to enter a Charleston Mercantile house", and,
after saving money and scrimping severely, graduated the College of Charleston
in 1823 at the top of his class. He set out to be a lawyer, and took
only a year to be admitted to the bar, but did not find the practice suitable,
and he began writing for, and the editing, the Southern Quarterly Review.
In 1846, he attended the Memphis Convention, which considered "principally
projects of internal improvement in the South, and the extent to which
the federal government should be expected to aid in their construction".
The convention helped lead him to move to New Orleans to start editing
the Commercial Review of the South and Southwest, a monthly, beginning
January 1846. He was thereafter a vigorous advocate of economic improvement
in the south. His economic philosophy was fairly congruent with the
"American System" advocated by Clay, Hezekiah Niles and others, but over
the years, he came under the strong influence of Calhoun and other southern
nationalists and seccessionists, and became an important articulator of
their views. Broadus Mitchell, his biographer in the Dictionary
of American Biography (source of all quotes here), described him
as a "vocal drifter with the tide which set toward secession."
De Bow's Review issues from 1846-62 and 1866-69 have been put
online by the Making of America Project. I highly recommend a visit to
the Online Books Page listing of Serials at http://digital.library.upenn.edu/books/serials.html,
which puts you one click away from the De Bow's archive and many
other wonderful resources. Two articles on international trade issues
from the first issue of the review were also issued as Jacksonian
Miscellanies # 85 (June 15, 1999).
Charles 1822 - 1887:
Banker and manufacturer. Endowed Indiana Asbury University, later known
as DePauw U. Born in Salem, Indiana.
Descartes, Rene 1596 - 1650:
DeSmet, Pierre Jean 1801
Jesuit missionary to western fronteir indians from 1838. Came to U.S. in
1821. Born in Belgium.
DeVinne, Theodore Low
1828 - 1914:
Printer who started in New York in 1850 with a partner. Incorporated the
De Vinne Press in 1908 (Theo. L. De Vinne & Co.) Born in Stamford CT.
De Witt, Charles Gerrit
1789 - 1839
A Representative from New York; born in Greenhill, Ulster County, N.Y.,
November 7, 1789; studied law and practiced; clerk in the Navy Department;
edited the Ulster Sentinel; elected as a Jackson supporter to the Twenty-first
Congress (March 4, 1829-March 3, 1831); was not a candidate for renomination
in 1830; resumed the practice of law; appointed Chargé d’Affaires
to Central America January 29, 1833; returned home in February 1839; died
on board a river steamer opposite Newburgh, N.Y., April 12, 1839; interment
in Dutch Reformed Cemetery, Hurley, N.Y.
Dir of American Congress.
Dearborn, Henry 1751 - 1829:
Secretary of state 1801-9; Major general in the War of 1812, but served
the cause poorly.
DEBERRY, Edmund, 1787-1859
Representative from North Carolina; born in Lawrenceville (now Mount Gilead),
Montgomery County, N.C., August 14, 1787; attended school at High Shoals;
engaged in agricultural pursuits and also in the operation of cotton mills
and flour mills; member of the State senate 1806-1811, 1813, 1814, 1820,
1821, and 1826-1828; served as justice of the peace; elected to the
Congress (March 4, 1829-March 3, 1831); unsuccessful candidate for
reelection in 1830 to the Twenty-second Congress; elected as an Anti-Jacksonian
to the Twenty-third Congress and as a Whig to the Twenty-fourth through
Twenty-eighth Congresses (March 4, 1833-March 3, 1845); chairman, Committee
on Agriculture (Twenty-fifth through Twenty-eighth Congresses); was not
a candidate for renomination in 1844; elected as a Whig to the Thirty-first
Congress (March 4, 1849-March 3, 1851); was not a candidate for renomination
in 1850; resumed his former agricultural and business pursuits; died at
his home in Pee Dee Township, Montgomery County, N.C., December 12, 1859;
interment in the family cemetery on his plantation near Mount Gilead.
Dir. of Am. Congress.
Decatur, Stephen 1779 - 1820:
An outstanding naval hero before and during the War of 1812. Killed in
a duel with James Barron, another naval officer on May 22, 1820, near the
capitol, which was a considerable sensation at the time. Born i Sinepuxent
Deems, Charles Force 1820
Methodist minister who founded the "Church of Strangers" in New York City
in 1868. Authored Life of Jesus in 1872.
Deere, John 1804 - 1886:
Manufacturer famous for steel plows which were necessary for plowing the
midwestern prairie soil, which would break older style plows. Born in Rutland,
Deering, William 1826 - 1913:
Manufacturer who began making harvesters after the Civil War. Born in South
Delafield, Edward 1794 - 1875:
A prominent eye specialist. Founder and first president of the American
Mechanical enginer who helped build the ironclad Monitor, and the
first iron boats and self-propelled fire engines.
Delano, Columbus 1809 - 1896:
Secretary of the Interior 1870-75. Practiced law before that Born in Shoreham,
Dennison, Aaron Lufkin
1812 - 1895:
Watch manufacturer who created a system of using interchangeable parts.
Born in Freeport, ME.
Dennison, William 1815 - 1882:
Governor of Ohio from 1860-2. Practiced law before that U.S. Attourny General
1864-66. Born in Cincinnati Ohio.
Devens, Charles 1820 - 1891:
Officer in the Civil War. U.S. atty general 1877-91. Born in Charleston,
John Huffam 1812 - 1870:
The english novelest. Toured America in the 30s or 40s, and gave some of
the least flattering reports of such travelors.
Dickenson, John 1732 - 1808:
Conservative member of the Continental Congress during the Revolution.
Delegate to the Constitutional convention. Born in Talbot County, MD.
Dickenson, Jonathan 1688
Grad Yale 1706. Pastor at
NJ, from 1708 until his death, and president of the College of New
Jersey (Princeton) at its
founding, May 1747 until his death less than six months later. During this
period his pastorage comprised the whole school.
Dickson, Samuel Henry
1798 - 1872:
Doctor and medical educator. Founder of the Medical College of South Carolina
in 1833. Born in Charleston, SC.
Dix, Dorothea Lynd 1802 -
Established a girls school in Bostin from 1820 - 35. Crusading reformer
for better treatment of the insane. Superintendent of women nurses during
the Civil War. Wrote Childrens books. Born in Hampden ME.
Dix, John Adams 1798 - 1879:
Fought as a mere boy in the war of 1812. Secy of state of NY 1833-39. Senator
from 1845-49. Later Secretary of the treasury in 1861 only. Became a major
general in the Civil war, and governed the state of NY from 1873-5.
Doane, George Washington
1799 - 1859:
Protestant Episcopal bishop. Lead the high church party. Wrote many hymns.
Born in Trenton, NJ.
Dobbin, James Cochran
1814 - 1857:
Secretary of the navy from 1853 - 57, who did much to enlarge it and reform
its organization. Previously practiced law. Born in Fayetteville, NC.
Dodd, Moses Woodruff 1813
Publisher, in business with John S. Taylor from 1839-40 and by himself
from then until 1870. Born in Bloomfield, NJ
Donelson, Andrew Jackson
1799 - 1871:
Unofficially adopted son of Andrew Jackson; served with Jackson in the
Seminole War in Florida. Secretary to Jackson during Jackson's presidency.
Negotiated the treaty annexing Texas (at the request of the then Republic
of Texas) from 1844-5. Ran for vice-presidency in 1856. Born near Nashville
Donohoe, Patrick ? - ?:
Editor of the Irish-American Boston
Pilot, at least in 1840.
Doremus, Sarah Platt 1802
Helped found the New York Woman's Hospital, Woman's Union Missionary Society
and various shelters for the homeless, in New York City, where he was born.
Dorfeuille, Joseph ? - ?:
Described in [Trollope, introduction, p xxv] as a "naturalist of
some attainments from New Orleans", who assumed the curatorship of the
Western Museum in Cincinnati. Initially he tried to put on serious exhibits
of scientific artifacts, but the stockholders pressed him to make money,
so that he had to make it like most museums of the time, filled with entertaining
waxworks, hoaxes, and freaks of nature.
Francis Trollope helped with a couple of projects: an invisible girl
who made prophecies, and a panorama of Hell, the latter being a moneymaker
and favorite Cincinnati attraction for decades afterwards.
Dorr, Thomas Wilson 1805
Leader of the "Dorr Rebellion" in Rhode Island, against the state's old
oligarchic style of government, and in particular, landholding qualifications
for suffrage. After a convention was held, and the majority of prospective
voters (and perhaps majority of voters even by the old standards, acc.
to DAB), Dorr was made governor of a new provisional government.
The old government would not step down. Dorr was eventually convicted
of treason and sentenced to life in solitary at hard labor. Public
sentiment brought about an amnesty after he had served 1 year.
Richard B. Bernstein, Adjunct Professor of Law, New York Law School
(on H-LAW) listed 3 books on the Dorr War:
the old (1906?) conservative narrative history by Arthur Mowry (Mowry,
Arthur May, The Dorr war; or, The constitutional struggle in Rhode Island,
Providence, R.I. Preston & Rounds co., 1901.
the 1973 "New Left-inspired" study by Marvin E. Gettleman (The Dorr
Rebellion: a study in American radicalism, 1833-1849 (New York, Random
House , R.U.L: F83.4.G47) and
the "most thorough, and thoughtful, and intellectually grounded study"
by George H. Dennison -- THE DORR WAR: REPUBLICANISM ON TRIAL, 1831-1861
(1976: University Press of Kentucky). (R.U.L: JK3225 1842.D45 1976)
a "fine constitutional history of Rhode Island": Patrick
T. Conley, DEMOCRACY IN DECLINE (Providence, Rhode Island Historical
DORSEY, Clement, 1778-1848
Representative from Maryland March 4, 1825-March 3, 1831. (19th-21st congresses).
Born near Oaklands in Anne Arundel County, Md., in 1778; attended St. John’s
College, Annapolis, Md.; studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced
practice; major in the Maryland Militia 1812-1818. Resumed the practice
of law in 1831 after leaving congress; unsuccessful candidate for congress
in 1832; judge of the fifth circuit court of Maryland until his death in
Leonardtown, St. Marys County, Md., August 6, 1848.
Douglas, Stephen Arnold (Apr. 23, 1813
- Jun. 3, 1861):
Best known for the "Lincoln - Douglas Debates", conducted in 1858 when
Douglas and Abraham Lincoln ran
for an Illinois senate seat. Douglas, a U.S Senator from 1847-1861, and
a prominent leader in the Senate at that, was not defeated by Lincoln this
The debates, between two men, representing two shades of thought near
the center of public opinion, were reported throughout the nation, and
made into a book. As it turned out, Lincoln, the unknown with no formal
education, eloquently expressed the opinion of the majority of northerners.
It was enough to make him a compromise candidate, representing the new
Republican Party, for president (the better-known Republicans had all compromised
themselves with public opinion in one way or another). Of course Lincoln
was elected in 1860.
After the election, Douglas did all that he could to uphold Lincoln,
and prevent the splitting of the Union.
Douglas was born in Brandon, VT, about 15 miles from the New York border,
marked at that point by Lake Champlain.
It is just opposite Ticonderoga,
NY. He was educated in the public schools, attended the Brandon Academy,
learned to be a cabinet-maker, but aspired so something higher. He moved
with his family to a farm near Lake Canandaigua, NY, and attended Canandaigua
Academa in 1832, and studied law.
Douglass, Anna Murray (1813? - 1882):
Wife of Frederick Douglass. A free woman, who, like Douglass began life
on Maryland's eastern shore of. Five years older than him, she was a housekeeper
and never became literate.
Douglass, Frederick (Feb. 1818 - Feb.
Black anti-slavery orator and editor of The North
Star and later Frederick
Douglass' Paper. Also consistently spoke for equal rights, and
campaigned against lynching in the south after the Civil War.
He escaped from slavery in Baltimore, MD, in September 1838. Settling
in New Bedford, MA, and working as a laborer, he was soon a vocal participant
in the African Methodist Episcopal Zion church there. He received William
Lloyd Garrison's Liberator,
initially for free. Very outspoken against slavery, he was noticed by the
Quaker abolitionist William C. Coffin, and invited to speak to an anti-slavery
convention in Coffin's home, Nantucket.
Douglass' speech in Nantucket
brought him to the attention of Garrison
Downing, Major Jack 1829 - ?
Pseudonym of Seba Smith,
and later of Charles Augustus
Davis (and perhaps others). Both wrote pretending to be a provincial
Maine "down-easterner", using very broad dialect, pretending to be a close
chum of Andrew Jackson, and satirizing
the goings-on in Washington. Jackson, in complementing Martin
Van Buren's wit, pretended to believe that Van Buren wrote the articles.
Drake, Francis Samuel
(Born and died on Feb 22) historial, author of an 1872 Dictionary of
American Biography (not the work of the same title noted below),
Town of Roxbury, and other works. Son of Samuel
Gardiner Drake; brother of Samuel
of American Biography.
Drake, Joseph Rodman
(1795 - 1820):
A popular poet in his day, especially known for the 640 line "Culprit
Fay". A close friend and sometime collaborator of Fitz-Greene
Halleck, especially on the "Croaker Papers"
of American Biography, Reminiscences
of New York, Kettell, Specimens
of American Poetry.
Drake, Samuel Adams (1833-1905):
(b.dec 19, d. dec 4) Historian, and at various times newspaperman and soldier.
Author of Old
Landmarks and Historic Personages of Boston (1873), and A
Book of New England Legends and Folk Lore (1872).
Son of Samuel Gardiner
Drake; brother of Francis
of American Biography.
Drake, Samuel Gardiner
Antiquarian bookseller, historian, collector of tens of thousands of books
and pamphlets dealing with, mostly, Indians, and the early Colonial period.
Father of Francis Samuel
Drake and Samuel Adams
Drake, the historians.
After successfully reprinting Church's History of King Phillip's
War, he (1825), and being, from 1828-30 a book auctioneer, he established
a shop on Cornhill, in Boston where he was both a publisher and bookseller.
of American Biography.
Drayton, William 1776 - 1846:
Representative to Congress for SC: 5/17/25 - 3/3/33; he opposed Nullification;
turned down role as Secy. of War, and that of Minister to England under
Jackson, moved to Philadelphia 8/33, was president of the Bank of the United
States in 1840 and 41.
Born in St Augustine, FL(!); attended English Prep schools; settled
in Charleston, SC; admitted
to the bar 12/12/1797; fought in the War of 1812. (Source: Biog.
Dict. of Am. Congress)
Dunlap, William 1766 - 1839:
Playwright, painter, historian (particularly of the arts in early America),
and theater manager.
Son of an Irishman who fought in an Irish regiment in the American Revolution.
He wrote the play Andre (1798), a Life of Charles Brockden
Brown (1815), History of the American Theatre (1832), and History
of the Rise and Progress of the Arts of Design in the United States
(1834) (which has been reprinted in recent times, and is often cited).
Early American Plays, p1ff.
Duane, William (1760 - 1835)
Born near Lake Champlain, NY. Spent his youth in Ireland and India. 1796,
returned to U.S. and became, with Benjamin Franklin Bache co-editor of
the Aurora, which he continued to edit until 1822. He was important
to the success of Jefferson's run for president.
Duane, William John 1780
- 1865 :
Secretary of the treasury under Andrew
Jackson from 1833-35, but let go for refusing to withdraw the federal
funds from the 2nd Bank of the United States. A vigorous pamphleteer, and
supporter of Jackson's campaign. Son of the elder William
Dwight, Sereno Edwards 1786-1850
Son of Timothy Dwight;
graduated Yale 1703; acted in various roles connected with Yale for a couple
of years: amanuensis to his father; assistant to Benjamin
Silliman, and tutor. Married 1811; was in law practice a few
years, but became a minister (served as chaplain of the U.S. Senate in
1816-17). Poor health from 1812 due to a "lung fever" and "mercury
treatment" (probably worse than the disease).
Pastor of Park Street Church
in Boston from 1817-1826. Conducted the New Haven Gymnasium, a boy's boarding
school "on the German plan" (concise DAB)
with his brother Henry, but they did not have the energy to keep it going.
President of Hamilton College
Dwight, Theodore 1764 - 1846:
Brother of Timothy Dwight;
grandson of Jonathan Edwards;
founder of the (Albany)
Daily Advertiser (1815) and New
York Daily Advertiser (1817).
In 1814, he served as secretary of the Hartford Convention, and in 1833
wrote a book defending it, History
of the Hartford Convention: with a review of the policy of the United States
Government which led to the War of 1812.
He grew up in Northampton,
MA, and practiced law in Haddam
CT (1787-91) and Hartford, CT
(1791-1815), before moving to New York. He also spent his later years in
Dwight, Timothy (1752 - 1817):
Most famous for his presidency of Yale, in New
Haven CT, from 1795 until his death.
The grandson of Jonathan Edwards,
he graduated Yale in 1769 and
from then (starting at age 17!) to 1771, was Headmaster of the Hopkins
Grammar School in New Haven. From 1771-1777, he was a tutor at Yale. He
served as chaplain at West Point (then an important fort guarding the Hudson
against invasion from Canada), from 1777-1779. He was a pastor, teacher,
and farm manager in Northamton,
MA from then until 1783, and a pastor in Greenfield Hill, CT, from
1783, until he was called to succeed Ezra
Stiles as President of Yale in 1795.
At Yale, he started out battling infidelity and deism, which had become
popular. Deism and skepticism were for some, a part of the bundle of ideas
behind the American Revolution (not to mention the French Revolution, which
still had its adherants in the U.S. in 1795).
Wrote Travels in New England and New York (4 vols., 1821-22),
which is often cited by historians as illustrating American customs of