Brief Biographies from the Jackson/Van Buren Era (M):
MacKenzie, William Lyon
1795 - 1861:
Leader of a revolt in Canada in which U.S. citizens were embroiled (the
Mackenzie, Alexander Slidell 1803 - 1843.
Naval officer who, in 1842, crushed a planned mutiny, and hung 3 of the
mutineers. Acquitted of blame. Brother of John
Slidell. Changed his name, adding MacKenzie, in 1838. Wrote A Year
in Spain (2 vol) in 1829, and other popular books, such as Popular
Essays on Naval Subjects in 1833, and another book on Spain.
Maclure, William 1763 - 1840
Scottish born merchant, who made his fortune by age 40; then a geologist
and philanthropist in league for a while with Robert
Owen and New Harmony. Settled
in U.S. about 1796; became a citizen about 1803 or earlier. Produced a
geological map of America, on an unprecedented scale, published in Volume
I. of Transactions of the American Philosophical Society. President
of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia
from 1817 - 1840.
Brought Pestalozzian methods of education to the U.S.
In January 1826, he brought a number of scientists
to New Harmony in a keelboat
which New Harmonists called the "boatload of knowledge".
New Harmony failed as a commune, and he spent most of the rest his life
Madison, Dorethea Payne
1768 - 1849:
"Dolly", the wife of James Madison. Name synonymous with gracious hostship.
Madison, James 1751-1836:
Mallory, Stephen Russell
1813 - 1873:
Trinidad-born senator from Florida (1851-61), and secretary of the Confederate
Malvin, John 1795 - 1880:
Born to a free woman and slave father, and grew up around Dumfries,
In 1827, after he traveled across present-day West Virginia, to the
Ohio at Marietta, where hired onto a flatboat that took him to Cincinnati,
In 1829, he moved to Louisville,
KY, having married the daughter of a slave from there. After some consideration
of immigrating to Canada, the couple settled in Cleveland, Ohio in 1832.
From the 1830s to 1880, he was an important free black citizen of Cleveland,
OH. He persuaded the trustees of the Baptist church to fully integrate
March, George Perkins
1801 - 1882:
In Congress 1843-9. Minister to Turkey 1849-53 and to Italy for two decades
in 1861-82. Wrote scholarly works during his stay in Italy.
March, Sylvester 1803 - 1884:
Railroad promoter and inventor. Developed inclined railroads; engines capable
of handling steeper grades; air brakes.
Marcy, Randolph Barnes
1812 - 1887:
Became chief of staff to McClellan; brigadier and brevit major-general.
Marcy, William Learned
1786 - 1857:
Born in Sturbridge (now Southbridge) MA. Graduated Brown U. 1808;
meant to set up in Western New York, but stayed in Troy 15 years.
Admitted to the bar within 3 years; married 1812. Attained rank of
Adjutant-General in the War of 1812.
Helped Martin Van Buren found
the Albany Regency (known in its early phases as the "Holy Alliance".
Settled in Albany on accepting the state comptrollership, in 1823.
His 1st wife having died in 1821, remarried in 1825 (had 3 children by
each wife). Served as comptroller until 1829 when, by appointment
of Gov. Van Buren, he became associate justice of state supreme court.
In 1831 he was made a Senator (in this period he was known for the phrase
"to the victor belong the spoils of the enemy"), and from 1833-38 served
as NY state governor.
The rest of his public career consisted mostly of filling presidential
appointments, including 1840-42: member of the Mexican Claims Commission;
secretary of War under Polk, and Secretary of State under Pierce.
In these posts, he showed himself very capable.
Available at Library of Congress:
LC Control Number: mm 79031336 Type of Material: Archival Manuscript
Material (Collection) Brief Description:
William L. Marcy papers, 1786-1896 (bulk 1808-1857)
3,100 items. CALL NUMBER: 0317Q -- Request in: Manuscript Reading Room
(Madison, LM101) Summary:
Correspondence, commonplace book for Marcy's senior year at Brown University
(1808), diary (1831-1857), draft of an autobiography, drafts of diplomatic
dispatches, drafts in Marcy's handwriting of presidential messages to Congress
(1854-1856), and other papers relating to Marcy, collected and compiled
by Henry B. Learned. Materials cover such topics as Marcy's public career
as a member of the cabinets of James K. Polk and Franklin Pierce; New York
state and national Democratic politics (ca. 1830-1860); and international
relations including the Koszta and Black Warrior cases, the Gadsden Purchase,
proper attire for American diplomats abroad, and Pierre Soulé's
conduct in Spain. Correspondents include W. R. Andrews, Benjamin Angel,
George Bancroft, August Belmont, James G. Berrett, James Buchanan, Archibald
Campbell, Lewis Cass, George M. Dallas, Charles Augustus Davis, Charles
Eames, James Gadsden, Timothy Jenkins, Simon B. Jewett, John Livingstone,
John Y. Mason, William P. Miles, George W. Newell, Horatio G. Perry, Franklin
Pierce, James K. Polk, Herman J. Redfield, Horatio Seymour, John Addison
Thomas, Samuel J. Tilden, Martin Van Buren, Prosper M. Wetmore, G. A. Worth,
and Silas Wright.
Finding aid revised. Catalog record will be updated when revised finding
aid has been edited.
MSS31336 Finding Aids: Finding aid available in the Manuscript Reading
Maretzek, Max 1821 - 1897:
Born in Moravia; became opera producer and conductor in New York from 1849-79.
Composed ballet music and operas.
Marryat, Frederick, 1792-1848
British. Served in the British navy; retired in 1830 and took up writing.
Most of his books were didactic adventure novels (mostly at sea) written
for young boys, like Masterman Ready, which has been printed recently.
He toured the United States, and published A Diary in America, with
Remarks on its Institutions (London : Longman, ... 1839).
Link to some of his
Marsh, John 1799 - 1856:
Physician and California pioneer. Graduated Harvard 1823. The writer of
the Sioux dictionary which is part of Caleb Atwater's Tour
to Prairie du Chien (1831). Source: DAB.
Marshal, James Wilson
1810 - 1885:
With John A. Sutter, he discovered gold in California in 1848, setting
off the 1849 gold rush.
Marshall, John 1755 - 1835:
Martineau, Harriet (1802 - 1876):
An English writer who remained single and was remarkably outspoken and
intellectual for a woman of her day. She visited the U.S. in 1834-36, and
in America, an analytical account of U.S. society, and also Retrospective
of Western Travel, an account of various places visited in her
Her tastes and associations were largely aristocratic; her biases strongly
pro-democracy and liberal, leaning towards agnosticism in religion.
She is one of the most widely quoted observers of the period.
Mason, John Young 1799 - 1859:
served in House of Representatives for Virginia 1831-37. Also a district
judge; secretary of the navy; attorney general.
Mason, Joseph 1807 - 1883:
Accompanied Audubon on many of his explorations, acting as a masterful
painter of vegetation. Born in Cincinnati, OH.
Mason, Lowell 1792 - 1872:
Organized Boston Academy of Music in 1833. Devised musical training methods
for children and published a manual on training children in music in 1834.
Federalist Senator from New Hampshire, 1813-1817. Also considered
by Daniel Webster (whom he joined in the Dartmouth College case), and Rufus
Choate, as one of the best lawyers in the country.
Born in Lebanon, New London County, Conn., April 27, 1768; graduated
from Yale College in 1788; studied law; moved to Vermont and was admitted
to the bar in 1791; moved to New Hampshire and practiced law; attorney
general of New Hampshire 1802-1805; elected as a Federalist to the United
States Senate to fill the vacancy in the term beginning March 4, 1813,
and served from June 10, 1813, until June 16, 1817, when he resigned; member,
State house of representatives 1820-1821, 1824; president of the Portsmouth
branch of the United States Bank 1828-1829; moved to Boston, Mass., in
1832; retired from the practice of law in 1838, but continued as chamber
counsel up to the time of his death in Boston, Mass., October 14, 1848;
interment in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Mass.
Hill, C.H. "Jeremiah Mason and the Bar." American Law Review 12 (January
1878): 229-61; Mason, Jeremiah. Memoir and Correspondence of Jeremiah Mason.
Edited by George Hillard. Cambridge: Riverside Press, 1973.
Source of Above: Biographical
Directory of the American Congress.
Mather, Cotton 1663 - 1728:
Born in Boston. Assisted his father, Increase
Mather, in the pastorate of Second
Church in Boston from 1685-1723, and was sole pastor there until 1728.
Was involved in witchcraft trials and executions from 1692-3, but repudiated
He supported science and medicine, and was an early promoter of the
use of smallpox vaccine, for which Benjamin
Franklin's brother James (a printer), and Franklin himself, ironically,
Mather, Increase 1639 - 1723:
Pastor of Second
Church, Boston, from 1664-1723. President of Harvard
from 1685-1701. In England. Born in Dorchester,
MA. Made two trips to England: to preach, from 1658-61 (initially under
Oliver and Richard Cromwell, but outlasting that regime); to negotiate
for a new charter and governor from 1688-92. Wrote a book, Cases of
Conscience Concerning Evil Spirits, credited with ending executions
Father of Cotton Mather.
Harrison 1813 - 1884:
Painted Washington Crossing the Delaware and other patriotic works.
Born in Peterboro NY.
Matthews, Stanley 1824 - 1889:
Had legal practice in Cincinnati starting in 1844. Colonel in Civil War.
Senator from 1877-79. Sat on the supreme court from 1881.
Matthews, William 1822 - 1896:
Scottish born bookbinder. Came to U.S. in 1843. Opened his own book bindery
in New York in 1846. From 1854-90 was head of bindery for D. Appleton &
Maverick, Samuel Augustus
1803 - 1870:
Fought in the Texas Revolution. Member of Texas congress. Owned over 300
thousand acres of cattle which he perversely refused to brand and so the
word "Maverick" for unbranded cattle got coined.
Maxcy, Jonathan 1768 - 1820
Born in Attleborough, MA.
President (1791-1802) of Rhode Island College (renamed, after his tenure
University), of Union
College in Schenectady NY,
and from 1804 (until his death?) of South
Carolina College in Columbia,
SC, where he served as the first president, and taught belles-lettres,
criticism, and metaphysics.
"His features ... when they were exercised in conversation or public
speaking, were strongly expressive, and exhibited the energy of the soul
that animated them." (Elton, p21, quoted in DAB)
He was strongly committed to religious freedom.
Older brother of Virgil Maxcy.
Main source: DAB;
Maxcy, Virgil 1785 - 1844
Lawyer, legislator, diplomat, Jacksonian Democrat. Younger brother
of Jonathan Maxcy.
Born in Attleborough, MA (in a part which
is now in Wrentham?). After graduating Brown U. 1800, and reading law,
he married and settled in Maryland, where he lived at Tulip Hill, the estate
built, near Anapolis, for his
wife's grandfather Samuel Galloway estate.
"Campaigned vigorously for Andrew Jackson for
President; took a leading part in the calling and transactions of the state
Jackson convention early in 1827, the first to be held in the U.S." He
received a treasury post under Jackson, and entered the diplomatic corps
under Van Buren, serving in
I have also noticed, in the published papers of John
C. Calhoun, that they had a lively correspondence.
On 2/28/44, aboard the American battleship
the great gun called the "Peacemaker" exploded, killing Maxcy
(and others, I think).
May, Samuel Joseph 1797 -
Pastor from 1822-36 in Brooklyn, CT;
his first pastorate, and he being the "first Unitarian Preacher in Connecticut"
Progress, p104). He was strongly involved in the reform movements
of the time, and was an "active agent of the Underground Railroad" (source:
He took a strong interest in Prudence Crandall's school in neighboring
Canterbury, which began to cater to non-white girls in 1833, and he introduced
Edward Abdy to Crandall.
About 1827 he met, and greatly encouraged, Bronson
Alcott (SJM is quoted in the article
on BA). Alcott married May's sister, Abigail.
Mayer, Brantz 1809 - 1879:
Secy., U.S. legation in Mexico City from 1841-44. Served in the Civil War
and remained in the army until 1875. Wrote books on history of Mexico.
Had a legal practice in Baltimore from 1832-41.
Maynard, Edward 1813 - 1891:
Dentist and firearms inventor. Developed breech-loading rifle.
Mayo, William Worrall
English-born medical doctor who came to U.S. in 1845 and built up a hugely
successful practice in Minnesota.
McAllister, Samuel Ward
1827 - 1895:
Born in Savannah Georgia. Practiced law in San Francisco from 1850-52.
Returned to the east and lived in New York and Providence, RI, and decided
who was and wasn't part of New York Society. Wrote Society as I Have
Found It in 1890.
McAlpine, William Jarvis
1812 - 1890:
Engineer and bridge-builder. Born in New York.
McArthur, Duncan 1772 - 1839:
Early pioneer in Ohio, and congressman from 1823-5; governor from 1830-2.
teechooled near Chillicothe, OH. Born in
Dutchess County, NY.
McCallum, Daniel Craig
1815 - 1878:
Scotish born Railroad engineer.
McClellan, George Brinton
McClelland, Robert 1807 -
Congress for Michigan 1843-9. Gov. of state 1851-3. Secretary of the interior
McCormick, Cyrus Hall
1809 - 1884:
Invented a mechanical reaper, pattented in 1834, and sold it widely, especially
in the midwestern U.S. Son of Robert M.
McCormick, Robert 1780 - 1846:
Inventor of agricultural machinery. His son Cyrus invented the reaper.
Born in Rockbridge County, VA.
McCormick, Stephen 1784 -
Invented a cast-iron plow with replaceable parts. First patented 1819.
McDowell, Irvin 1818 - 1885:
West Point class of 18338. Major general in Civil War. Lost the battle
of Bull Run.
McDuffie, George 1790 - 1851:
McGee, Thomas D'Arcy 1825
Irish revolutionary who had to escape to the U.S. in 1848, and soon founded
York Nation, and American Celt. Left U.S. for Canada in 1857.
Writer of several books.
McGuffey, William Holmes
1800 - 1873:
McKenley, John 1780 - 1852:
Senator from Alabama 1826-31. Member of House 1833-35. Served on Supreme
Court from 1837. Born in Culpeper County, VA.
McLain, Louis 1786 - 1857:
In congress 1717 - 29; the last two years in the Senate. Made Ambassador
to England by Jackson; then Secretary of the treasury 1831-33. He would
not withdraw govt. funds from the BUS, and was replaced by Jackson who,
however, made him Secy of state. Son of Allan M.; revolutionary war officer
who lived until 1829.
McLain, Robert Milligan
1815 - 1898:
Member of House from 1847-51 and 1879-83. Served ambassadorial roles in
the far east and Mexico in the 1850s an 1885-89 served in France. Gov.
of Maryland 1883-5. Son of Allan M.; revolutionary war officer who lived
McLean, John 1785 - 1861:
Postmaster General from 1822 until his appointment to the Supreme Court
was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 1829. A poor son of a farmer (and
ex-weaver), he learned the law in Cincinnati, became a successful lawyer,
politician, and founder of the Western Star of Lebanon,
Meade, George Gordon 1818-1872:
Meagher, Thomas Francis
1823 - 1867:
Irish revolutionary leader. Imprisoned; he escaped and came to U.S., where
he became an Irish-American leader. Served in the Civil war and rose to
Mease, James 1771 - 1846:
Physician, scientist, and author of many books on rabies, geology, horticulture,
the penitentiary system of Pennsylvania, ... Also Picture of Philadelphia
(his home town).
In 1800, he married Sarah Butler, daughter of Pierce
Butler of SC (a senator in the 1st congress). Their two sons had to
change their names to Butler to receive an inheritance from their grandfather.
One son, Pierce Butler, married Frances
Medill, Joseph 1823 - 1899:
Helped form the Republican party in 1854 and later. Founded the Cleveland
in 1852; and partner in, and eventual sole owner, of the Chicago Tribune.
Meigs, Return Jonathan 1740
Prominent Revolutionary War soldier, born in Middletown
CT; agent to the Cherokees from
1801 - ?. "When he was 82, having given up his quarters to an elderly visiting
Indian chief and moved into a tent, he contracted pneumonia and died."
Meigs, Return Jonathan 1764
Governor of Ohio (1810?-14), Senator (1808-10), and Postmaster General
(1814-23). Son of the elder
and uncle of the younger
Return J. Meigs.
Meigs, Return Jonathan 1801
Prominent Tennessee lawyer said to have declined election to the Senate
as well as appointment to the Supreme Court. His strong Unionism made it
difficult for him to stay in the state, and he moved to New York during
the Civil War. From 1863 to his death, served as clerk of the supreme court
of the District of Columbia. (Source DAB)
Melville, Herman 1819 - 1891:
Gustavus 1803 - 1888:
German-born financier of the Confederacy. Came to U.S. as a child.
Menard, Michel Branamour
1805 - 1856:
French Canadian born fur trader in the far west. Founded the city of Galveston.
Had county in Texas named for him.
Menard, Pierre 176 - 1844:
French Canadian born. Helped organize the St. Louis Missouri Fur Co. in
1809. Was 1st lieutenant gov. of Illinois in 1818.
Merriam, Charles 1806 - 1887:
Printer. Acquired rights to Noah Webster's An American Dictionary
after the death of Webster.
Merridith, Willim Morris
Secretary of the Treasury 1849-50. Practiced law in Philadelphia.
Mill, John Stuart 1806 - 1873:
Miller, William 1782 - 1849:
Leader of a sect which predicted the imminent end of the world; especially
prevalent in Western New York state. Born in Pittsfield, MA.
Mills, Clark 1815 - 1883:
Made the bronze equestrian statue of Andrew Jackson which faces the White
Mills, Robert 1781 - 1855:
Architect who designed the Treasury building, General Post Office, and
Patent Office buildings. Born in Charleston, SC.
Minie, Claude Etienne.1814-1879:
Inventor of a system of rifle and conical lead bullet that expands on the
gun firing to press against the rifling so as to build up spin. Advantage
being the bullets did not have to fit tightly in the gun. These bullets
turned out to inflict terrible wounds in the Civil War.
Mitchel, Ormsby MacKnight
1809 - 1862:
A member of the West Point class of 1829, he
resigned the army in 1832 to become a teacher, which he was, at Cincinnati
College from 1836-59. Studied and wrote about astronomy, and directed the
Dudley Observatory in Albany, NY
from 1859-61. During the civil war he rose to be a major general, but died
in 1862 of yellow fever.
Mitchell, Donald Grant
1822 - 1908:
Wrote -- largely sentimental essays, under the pseudonym "Ik Marvel".
See Jacksonian Miscellanies #51, which quotes
a critical view from Ann
Dougles' Feminization of American Culture, and provides a substantial
excerpt from one of his works: Reveries
of a Bachelor. DAB
describes him as "agriculturalist, landscape gardner, and author".
Mitchell, Elisha 1793 - 1857:
Botanist and geologist, especially in the North Carolina mountains. Born
in Washington, CT.
Mitchell, Nahum 1769 - 1853:
Practiced law, but best known for his work with others on the collection
of church music Columbian and European Harmony: or Bridgewater Collection
of Sacred Music in 1812. Born in Bridgewater, CT.
Mitchell, Samuel Augustus
1792 - 1868:
Author of Mitchell's Geographic Reader (1840) and other geographical
works. Lived in Philadelphia. Born in Briston, CT.
Thomas 1794 - 1857:
A popular British dramatist. Largely comic works.
Monroe, James 1758 - 1831:
b. Apr. 28, 1758. d. July 4, 1831
5th president of the U.S., from 1817-1824. More to be added later,
Eyquem de 1533 - 1592:
Most important originator of the personal essay, or belles lettres.
He explored himself, and looked skeptically at his society, and open-mindedly
at the exotic new societies being discovered in the age of exploration
in which he lived.
Montesquieu, Baron 1689 -
(Baron de la Brede et de Montesquieu, title of Charles de
Secondat). An important French Enlightenment political thinker (though
perhaps more sympathetic to the British Enlightenment).
First gained prominence as the author of Persian Letters (1721),
a critique of western Christian society, written as if by Persian Islamic
visitors. His most influential work was The Spirit of the Laws,
written in 1748.
Moody, Paul 1779 - 1831:
Inventor of improved spinning and weaving machines which were put to use
at Waltham and Lowell, MA. Worked with Francis Lowell. Born in Newbury,
MOORE, Gabriel, 1785-1845
U.S. Representative for Alabama 1821-29; Ala. Governor 1829-31; Senator
1833-1837. Began as Jacksonian; ended as anti-Jacksonian.
Born in Stokes County, N.C., around 1785; pursued an academic course
and graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1810;
studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1810 and commenced practice in
Huntsville, Mississippi Territory; member, Mississippi and then Alabama
Territorial house of representatives and served as speaker in 1817; delegate
to the Alabama State constitutional convention in 1819; member, Alabama
State senate 1819-1820, and served as speaker in 1820; elected to the Seventeenth
and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1821-March 3, 1829); was
not a candidate for renomination in 1828; Governor of Alabama 1829-1831;
elected to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1831, to March
3, 1837; chairman, Committee on Revolutionary Claims (Twenty-second through
Twenty-fourth Congresses); unsuccessful candidate for election in 1836
to the Twenty-fifth Congress; moved to Caddo, Tex., in 1843, where he is
thought to have died in 1845.
Martin, John M. ?The Early Career of Gabriel Moore.? Alabama Historical
Quarterly 29 (Fall & Winter 1967): 89-105; Martin, John M. ?The Senatorial
Career of Gabriel Moore.? Alabama Historical Quarterly 26 (Summer 1964):
Dir. of Am. Congress.
Moore, Jacob Bailey 1797
Librarian of NH Historical Society and the New York Historical Society.
Wrote various historical works.
Morgan, Charles 1795 - 1878:
A shipper and railroad magnate based in New Orleans. Established several
steamboat lines from that city, and purchased railroads in Texas and Louisiana.
Monopolized shipping of all sorts in the Gulf area.
Morgan, Edwain Barber
1806 - 1881:
Merchant involved in the express business, and specifically in Wells Fargo.
Contributed heavily to Wells College and Auburn Theological Seminary. Born
in Aurora NY.
Morgan, Junius Spencer
1813 - 1890:
Widely successful New York banker. President of J.S. Morgan and Co; formerly
George Peabody and Co., from 1864 - 90. Father of John Pierpont Morgan.
Morgan, William (1774? - 1826):
A stonemason and disgruntled member of the Freemasons, who wrote a book
exposing the secrets of Fremasonry, called Illustrations of Masonry.
Before it got to press, Morgan was subjected to several forms of legal
harrassment, was witnessed being led off by force somewhere, and disappeared,
in September 1826.
This led to a growing storm of indignation about the Masons being a
secret organization of (largely) prominent and wealthy men sworn to protect
one another, and not to reveal a confidence of a fellow Mason, even if
it were a crime.
An Anti-Masonic Party was formed, twenty or thirty members sent to the
state legislature, a few dozen Anti-Masonic newspapers founded, and in
1832, the Anti-Masonic party was the first political party to hold a national
nominating convention (in this they were copied later that year by the
Morrill, Justin Smith
1810 - 1898:
Vermont merchant and member of House and Senate. Born Strafford, VT.
Morris, Charles 1784 - 1856:
Was on the Board of Naval Commissioners for most of the years from 1823-41,
and commandant of Boston Navy Yard 1827-32. Considered a superb and tactful
Morris, George Pope 1802
Founded New York Mirror and Ladies' Literary Gazette in 1824 and
edited it until 1842. Edited the Evening Mirror from 1844, and the
Journal from 1846. Besides his editorial career in Philadelphia, he
published many of his own poems.
Morse, Sidney Edwards
1794 - 1871:
Like his brother, S.F.B.
Morse, and inventor as well as a publisher and editor of the New York
Inventions in the field of printing, and deep sea exploration. Publications
include the Cerographic Atlas of the United States (1842-45), and
other "Cerographic" atlases based on a technique he developed. Born in
Graduated Yale in 1811, then studied law in Tapping
Reeve's school in Litchfield, CT. Shortly afterwards, he published
a series of articles signed "Massachusetts" in Boston's Columbian
Centinel, opposing the expansion of the union which was then occurring
mostly in the south, and later got into a controversy caused by Hannah
Adams charge of plagiarism against his father.
He co-founded the Boston Recorder
with "Deacon" Nathaniel
Willis in 1816. It has been claimed as the nation's first religious
newspaper. After a few months he left it in Willis' hands, and entered
the Andover Theological
Seminary, studying there until 1820. In 1823, he established
the New York Observer,
on the same pattern as the Recorder.
The Observer lasted at
least long enough to print his obituary in 1871.
Morse continued as "senior editor and proprietor" of the Observer
until 1858. In later life, he wrote a great deal, especially relating
to geography. He invented a "cerographic" printing process which
he used in his publications, but kept it a secret, and its exact nature
is obscure. With Samuel,
he patented a "flexible piston pump", and he devoted much effort to a "bathometer"
for exploring the depths of the ocean, which he patented with his son.
Morse, Jedediah 1761 - 1826:
One of the most fiercely conservative New England Congregational ministers.
Helped force the Unitarians to formally leave the Congregational society.
Serbed Charlestown, congregation from 1789 - 1819. Also known, for his
teaching and several books, as the "Father of American Geography". Born
in Woodstock, CT.
Morse, Samuel Finley
Breese 1791 - 1872:
Produced the first successful electronic telegraph.
He was also a painter of great talent, especially for portraits, and
founder and first president (1826-42) of the National Academy of Design.
His "The Old House of Representatives" is seen on Freelings's
Morton, Samuel George
1799 - 1851:
Naturalist, anthropologist, and medical doctor. Born in Philadelphia.
Motley, John Lothrop 1814
Harvard class of 1831. (age 17) A diplomat and historical writer.
Mott, James 1788 - 1868:
A Philadelphia merchant from 1822 - 52, and ardent abolitionist who, with
his wife Lucretia, helped found the American Anti-Slavery Society in 1833.
Helped out in the underground railway as well, after 1850. Born in N. Hempstead,
Mott, Lucretia Coffin
1793 - 1880:
Crusader for abolition; also women's rights (especially from 1848 on).
Also a Quaker missionary, and wife of James Mott. Born in Nantucket, MA
Mott, Valentine 1785 - 1865:
Expert surgeon who also, after 1846, promoted the use of anaesthesia.
Mount, William Sidney 1807
Best known as a "genre painter" with a lightly humorous quality, painting
scenes of rural life; dances, hoing fields, etc. Used in cover art for
the Irish Became White. He had beautiful crisp draftmanship, and
took great pains about getting skin tones right, including those of African
Americans. His paintings of black Americans also showed a dignity rare
for artistic treatments of blacks by whites in his day.
Grew up on Long Island, and lived most of his life there; spending some
time, however, in New York. Most of his works are in one collection, at
the Suffolk Museum at Stony Brook, NY (long Island).
Mowatt, Anna Cora Ogden
1819 - 1870:
Born to a New York businessman, living, at the time, in Bordeaux, France;
she lived there til age seven, when the family moved back to New York.
Married James Mowatt on 10/6/1834. (Source:DAB).
Her most important work was Fashion: or Life in New York, which
satirized New York's nouveau riche. It was first produced at the
Park Theatre, New York, on 3/24/1845.
Murrell, John A. 1804 - 1844:
A sort of early "organized crime boss", one of whose specialties was stealing
slaves. Captured in 1834 and sentenced for ten years.