The following years have very few entries so far: 1810
- 1811 - 1812 - 1813
-1814 -1815 -1816
-1817 -1818 -1819
-1820 -1821 -1822
The following years have very few entries so far: 1834
-1835 -1836 -1837
-1838 -1839 -1840
-1841 -1842 -1854
1824 - 08/24
- Lafayette, the "guest of the nation" arrives in New York City for a grand
1825 - 02/09
- The election, in the House of Representatives, of John
Quincy Adams as president.
Early Railroad activity
07/02 - Thomas
Cooper gave the speech in which he used the phrase "calculate the value
of the union".
10/01 - Sam
Houston inaugurated governor of TN.
01/30 - The S.Carolina legislature chartered
the S.C. Railroad, from Hamburg
to Charleston. Work was begun
in 1830 and completed 1833.
March - [Date Unknown] - A
county convention at Le Roy NY "inaugurated the anti-Masonic movement".
05/15 Passage of the bill commonly called the
Tariff of Abominations.
07/04 - Cornerstone for the Baltimore and Ohio
Railroad headquarters is laid.
November - Andrew Jackson elected president
01/19 - Andrew
Jackson left for Washington to assume the presidency.
03/04 - Andrew Jackson's
03/11 - Ralph
Waldo Emerson ordained a Congregational (Unitarian) minister.
04/01 - The American ship Sachem
left Bangkok carrying the "Siamese Twins", Chang
and Eng, to Boston.
04/16 - Sam
Houston resigns as governor of Tennessee, in the ugly aftermath of
the breakup of his marriage.
05/14 - Angelina
Grimke (future Quaker abolitionist and women's rights advocate) is
summoned to a Presbyterian church trial for "A neglect of ... ordinance
of the Lord's supper ... [and of] the means of grace ...
07/04 - James
Henry Hammond, at 25, at the Columbia
Presbyterian Church: "[men had begun] to question the value of the
American Union ... Patience under usurpation is a word for slaves."
07/30 - Frances
Wright spoke in Boston
to a full house on this and several succeeding nights. Lyman
Beecher wrote, in Lectures on Political Atheism, that "regrettably
she won over the educated, refined women ... and worst of all, women who
had been friends to his own children."
08/22 - Anti black rioting in Cincinnati,
OH reached a peak on this weekend, with white attacks on the slum "Bucktown".
This rioting helped to drive half of the black population out of the city
09/01- Ad in the Boston
Courier: "GREAT NATURAL CURIOSITY Last Week of the Exhibition
of the Siamese Double Boys .... the Forenoons of Thursday, Friday and
Saturday next, will be devoted to the reception of Ladies, from 9 to 1..."
09/10 At 7:00 pm, a meeting of Jackson's cabinet
is called, with Rev.
John Campbell invited, for the purpose of debating Peggy
Eaton's chastity. Jackson shouts "She is as chaste as a virgin!".
10/19 - Charles
Grandison Finney arrive in New York where he preached temporarily,
helping build up the "Union Church"
Lloyd Garrison writes the first of two articles in The
Genius of Universal Emancipation excoriating Francis
Todd for slave trafficking. This led to his jailing for "slander".
In the follow-up article, he wrote "[slave traffickers] are the enemies
of their own species -- highway robbers and murders; and their final
doom will be,... to occupy the lowest depths of perdition."
12/07 - President Jackson's
first address to Congress spoke of "setting apart an ample district west
of the Mississippi, .. guaranteed to the Indian tribes as long as they
shall occupy it"; and he called the Bank of the United States a failure
at the very thing it had done really well, establishing uniform and sound
12/12 - The Mayor of Savannah,
GA, wrote to Mayor Harrison
Gray Otis of Boston, protesting against David
Walker's Appeal, seeking punishment of the author.
12/16 - Harriet
Beecher Stowe, working for her sister Catharine
at her Hartford Female Seminary,
and being caught up in efforts there to bring about revivals, writes "This
morning I delivered a long speech on 'modes of exerting moral influence'".
01/01 - In Baltimore,
a large fashionable party, including William Wirt,
rode a carriage pulled by one horse on the new railroad as far as the Carrollton
Viaduct at a speed of 15 miles per hour
01/07 - The new railroad from Baltimore,
as far as Carrollton, became the first railroad open for public transportation.
01/12 - Sam
Houston arrived in Washington as an ambassador of the Cherokee
Nation. While there, he "often appeared in buckskin leggings, moccasins,
and a brilliant Indian hunting shirt, with his head wrapped in the distinctive
01/15 - William
Lloyd Garrison "We have had this pamphlet on our table for some
time past [David
Walker's Appeal]. It is written by a colored Bostonian, and breathes
the most impassioned and determined spirit. We ... cannot but wonder at
the bravery and intelligence of its author.
01/19 - Robert
Hayne's speech in the Senate supports complaints that "The East" keeps
public land prices high to restrain the west's growth. He then shifts to
southern complaints, claiming "[we stand] towards the U.S. in the relation
of Ireland to England".
01/20 - Daniel
Webster gives his first "Reply to Hayne".
He counters complaints about the unfairness of land prices; gives arguments
why "the [north]east" is a better friend of the west than is the south[east].
01/21 - Hayne's
Speech - Just as Webster
could have wished, defends slavery, fear of a strong union, and the nullification
01/26 - Webster's
"Reply to Hayne". Webster focuses his attack on slavery, fear of a
strong union, and the nullification doctrine, having having set Hayne
up as the defender of all three doctrines.
The first issue of the Southern
Times came out in Columbia,
SC, with James Henry Hammond writing: "We
are opposed to internal improvements. We are opposed to the Tariff in every
shape, and upon every ground.
Congressman David Crockett's
committee introduced its bill giving squatters on the public lands, the
right to purchase, cheaply, land they had improved.
02/10 - Boston mayor Harrison
Gray Otis refuses southern requests to arrest David
02/19 - "The Grand Jurors ... for the..city
of Baltimore, [charge] that Benjamin
Lundy and William Lloyd
Garrison did ... publish a gross and malicious libel
against Francis Todd and Nicholas Brown."
03/? - Frances
Trollope set out for the east to round out her credentials as a travel
writer in America, after her disastrous failure as an entrepreneur in Cincinnati.
03/01 - Thomas Lincoln's family, including Abraham,
just turned 21, set out from Indiana to settle in central Illinois.
Waldo Emerson in journal: "Read with admiration and delight Mr.
Webster's noble speech in answer to Hayne.
03/05 - William
Lloyd Garrison: "The circulation of [David
Walker's Appeal] has proven one thing conclusively -- that the boasted
security of the slave States ... is mere affectation, or something worse".
04/13 - Jefferson day "battle of the toasts"
at Indian Queen Hotel, Washington.
Jackson: "Our Federal Union: It must be preserved."
Calhoun: "The Union: Next to our liberty most dear.."
04/17 - William
Lloyd Garrison entered the Baltimore Jail "amid shouts of 'Fresh fish!
fresh fish!' from the prisoners ...".
05/03 - Congressman Crockett's
committee's bill to relieve squatters on the public lands (See 12/22/29,
was tabled 90-69.
05/07 - Thomas
Hart Benton's bill to lower land prices (as argued in and around the
debate) passed the Senate 24-22.
05/15 - Frances
Wright responds in the Free
Enquirer to the attacks of Dr. William
Gibbons, claming ... [her] followers advocated promiscuous, if licensed,
05/24 - By 102-97, Congress approved the Indian
Removal bill. Congressman Crockett,
along with many north easterners, had spoken strenuously against it. Crockett's
speech was "inexplicably left out of the Register of Debates"
05/25 - John
C. Calhoun wrote Andrew Jackson
a 52 page letter which marked a new level of estrangement between the two
05/27 - Andrew
Jackson wrote the veto message on the Maysville Road bill.
05/29 - Arthur
Tappan wrote to Benjamin
Lundy offering $100 to free Wm.
Lloyd Garrison and revive Lundy and Garrison's abolitionist newspaper.
05/30 - Andrew
Jackson responds to Calhoun's
letter of 5/25: "... until now, never expected to
have the occasion to say to you ... Et tu Brute".
07/01 - A "giant meeting" in
SC welcomes Robert Y. Hayne
and ... home from the Senate. It is "distinctly understood that those
who go to the dinner declare themselves in favour of [nullification, in
07/19 - A "shy Quaker boy", John
G. Whittier follows "debonair, aggressive" George
Prentice at the powerful, Whiggish New
England Weekly Review.
07/28 - Andrew
Jackson comes to Franklin,
TN, home of John
Eaton, where he sees, for a change, the greatest courtesies being extended
to Peggy Eaton (which
Jackson could not even obtain in his own household).
08/13 - Congressman Warren
Davis, on the nullification "solution" to the tariff: "An oppressive
and tyrannical law, that is driving almost to madness a generous, patriotic
and highminded people, would be seen to be annulled,...
made harmless by the quiet and peaceful intervention of 'trial by
08/23 - Andrew
Jackson confronts a Chickasaw
Indian delegation in Franklin,
TN giving them an ultimatum to move to new territories across the Mississippi.
08/28 - The first American built locomotive
- Peter Cooper's
"Tom Thumb" was given a trial run between Baltimore
and Ellicott Mills, 13 miles
08/30 - Chickasaw
Indian Chiefs sign agreement to give up their homes and move across the
Mississippi. See 8/23.
09/?? - The first fatal accident on the Baltimore
and Ohio Railroad.
09/10 - Charles
Grandison Finney begins half a year of ministering in Rochester
and other parts of Western New York.
Sec. of War John
Eaton, and other officials meet with Choctaw
chiefs and headmen to pressure them to sign over their territory and move
across the Mississippi River. (see 8/23, 8/30).
09/27 - Choctaw
Indian chiefs, with the help of some bribery, sign treaty to move across
10/15 - W.L.
Garrison gave an antislavery lecture at the Freethinkers' Society in
Boston (no church would have him). Present were Lyman
Beecher (disapproving), and Unitarian ministers Samuel
Sewall and Samuel
J. May (highly approving).
10/31 - Alexis
de Toqueville and Gustave
de Beaumont, ..., apply to go on a mission to America to study prison
11/26 - In New York, a large celebration
in honor of the dethronement of Charles X of France.
12/06 - 2nd session, 21st Congress convenes.
Randolph, in Europe, writes,
"I pray God to send us, the people,
a safe deliverance", and regarding the recent tumult in Europe: "...A
great discovery has been made on the Continent, far surpassing any of Archimedes
or Newton. The people have discovered the secret of their strength; and
the military have found out that they are the people..."
gave his annual message to Congress, arguing the right to use the veto
On the same day, the Washington
Globe first appeared, the new Jackson mouthpiece, published by
Blair, replacing the Calhoun
Lincoln, age 21, helped set the value of a stray mare.
01/01 - First issue of William
Lloyd Garrison's Liberator
01/31 - Congress David
Crockett, started a fight in Congress over which committee would receive
a petition by three Cherokee for
640 acre land tracts.
Jackson to Robert Y. Hayne:
"assert that a state may declare acts passed by congress inoperative
and void, and revolution [must follow]"
02/11 - Edward
Everett: "The city is all agog about the controversy between
Calhoun & Van Buren.
The rupture is supposed to be impending. ... it was said that a very angry
pamphlet is to be published by Calhoun in a day or two".
02/13 - Rep. Crockett
to a constituent: "Thare will be an explosion take place this week that
will Tare their party into sunder Mr. Calhoun is coming out with a circular
or a publication of the correspondence between him & the President
that will blow their little Red Fox or aleaus Martin van buren into atoms.".
1832 - Jackson reelected; partly a referendum
on Bank of U.S; SC elects a pro nullification slate.
1833 - Nullification crisis reaches
a head and subsides.